After introducing involuntary clients as those service users who 'have not chosen to receive the services they are being given' and, indeed, 'might believe that it is unnecessary and intrusive' (Trotter 1999 p2), the book goes on to consider the empirical evidence for effective intervention with this group and then provides straightforward practice guidance in role clarification
, pro-social modelling, problem solving and relationship building.
Themes include principles of adult education, role clarification
, learning styles and assessment.
The first part of the paper highlights the limitations of conventional job descriptions and the need for replacing job description with role clarification
for enhancing the effectiveness of jobs/roles.
According to lead author David Richardson, the most successful co-promotions are based on the triple foundation of leadership, role clarification
The model has a particular focus on role clarification
and pro-social modeling.
However, this dimension can be divided into three distinct categories of leader behaviors: role clarification
, work assignment and specification of procedures (House and Dessler, 1974; Schriesheim, House and Kerr, 1976).
Another useful tool for role clarification
and coaching is the stage-setting meeting for referrals to the EAP.
Over the past decade, the literature on paraprofessionals has been dominated by non-databased articles and books that primarily addressed topics such as role clarification
, orientation and training, hiring and assigning, and supervision (Boomer, 1994; French & Pickett, 1997; Hilton & Gerlach, 1997; Jones & Bender, 1993; Palma, 1994; Parsons & Reid, 1999; Pickett & Gerlach, 1997; Salzberg & Morgan, 1995; Steckelberg & Vasa, 1998).
Managers can help speed the change process, smooth transitions, and improve employees' working relationships through teaming and role clarification
, both of which are based on good communication.
International project management integrates nearly all management dimensions: Goal setting, resource allocation, time management, role clarification
, leadership, defining procedures (or operating modes), result assessment - all are affected by cultural differences.
Other barriers were inadequate role clarification
, the overwhelming nature of responsibilities, medical staff hostility, and inadequate time available to devote to the role of VPMA.
Step 1: Maximize board effectiveness through role clarification