rolandic epilepsy

ro·lan·dic ep·i·lep·sy

a benign, autosomal dominant form of epilepsy occurring in children, characterized clinically by arrest of speech, muscular contractions of the side of the face and arm, and epileptic discharges electroencephalographically.
[Luigi Rolando]

ro·lan·dic ep·i·lepsy

(rō-lahn'dik ep'i-lep'sē)
A benign, autosomal dominant form of epilepsy occurring in children, characterized clinically by arrest of speech, by muscular contractions of the side of the face and arm, and by epileptic discharges electroencephalographically.
[Luigi Rolando]


Luigi, Italian anatomist, 1773-1831.
fissure of Rolando - a double S-shaped fissure extending obliquely upward and backward on the lateral surface of each cerebral hemisphere at the boundary between frontal and parietal lobes. Synonym(s): central sulcus
rolandic epilepsy - a benign autosomal dominant form of epilepsy occurring in children.
Rolando angle - the angle at which the fissure of Rolando meets with the midplane.
Rolando area - the region of the cerebral cortex most immediately influencing movements of the face, neck and trunk, arm, and leg. Synonym(s): motor cortex
Rolando cells - the nerve cells in Rolando gelatinous substance of the spinal cord.
Rolando column - a slight ridge on either side of the medulla oblongata related to the descending trigeminal tract and nucleus.
Rolando gelatinous substance - the apical part of the posterior horn of the spinal cord's gray matter, composed largely of very small nerve cells. Synonym(s): gelatinous substance
Rolando tubercle - a longitudinal prominence on the dorsolateral surface of the medulla oblongata along the lateral border of the tuberculum cuneatum. Synonym(s): tuberculum cinereum
References in periodicals archive ?
It was followed by feelings of panic, fear and bewilderment, 999 calls, tests, an overnight stay at Glasgow's Yorkhill Hospital for Matthew and my wife Lisa, further seizures and, after an electroencephalogram (EEG) and an appointment with a consultant, a diagnosis of Benign Rolandic Epilepsy.
Working memory and phonological awareness in children with Rolandic Epilepsy
However, some other epilepsies such as childhood absence, JME, and Rolandic epilepsy await further confirmation.
Benign rolandic epilepsy is idiopathic, with a probable genetic predisposition, and generally surfaces in otherwise healthy, cognitively normal children between the ages of 5 and 8 years.
Considering diagnosis and treatment in turn, they examine such topics as new onset focal and generalized epilepsy in an elderly patient, epileptic falling seizures associated with seizure-induced cardiac asystole in drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy, epileptic negative myoclonus in benign rolandic epilepsy, carefully combining medications for women with gastric reflux, and functional hemispherotomy for drug-resistant post-traumatic epilepsy.
Treatment may not be needed in some of the 'benign' epilepsy syndromes such as benign rolandic epilepsy.
Washington, Jan 29 (ANI): An international team of researchers has identified a gene linked to the most common type of epilepsy called Rolandic epilepsy, which is associated with seizures starting in one part of the brain.
These include benign rolandic epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and temporal lobe epilepsy.
Rachel suffers from central sleep apnea, which means her brain tells her to stop breathing while she sleeps; she also has a condition known as Benign Rolandic Epilepsy.
Introduction: In this study, we aimed to assess the behavioral problems, psychiatric disorders and neurocognitive evaluation focused on frontal lobe functions in children with rolandic epilepsy (RE) and compare them with a control group.