cooking

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cooking

Nutrition
The preparation of comestibles by heating. In meats, overcooking can result in the production of carcinogenic polycyclic amines; undercooking carries the risk of parasitic (e.g., Taenia solium, T saginatus) or bacterial (e.g., Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Salmonella spp) infections.

cooking

[L. coquere, to cook]
The process of heating foods to prepare them for eating. Cooking makes most foods more palatable and easier to chew, improves their digestibility (and sometimes their nutrient bioavailability), and destroys or inactivates harmful organisms, or toxins that may be present. Cooking releases the aromatic substances and extractives that contribute odors and taste to foods. These odors help to stimulate the appetite.

CAUTION!

Not all toxic substances are inactivated by heat. Most microorganisms and parasites are destroyed in the ordinary process of cooking when the food is heated to internal temperatures of 160°F to 175°F. Pork must be cooked completely throughout to kill the encysted larvae of Trichinella.

Action

Protein: Soluble proteins become coagulated. Soluble substances: These, including heat-labile vitamins, are often inactivated by boiling, and even mineral substances and starches, although insoluble to a certain extent, may be altered in this process. Starch: The starch granules swell and are changed from insoluble (raw) starch to soluble starch capable of being converted into sugar during digestion and of being assimilated in the system.

References in periodicals archive ?
While some are adamant about roasting the chicken on a rack, particularly a V-rack, Peterson simply places the chicken on the bottom of a baking pan.
When roasting in this method, most of the heat transferred from the hot air to the bean was achieved by conduction.
Savor Warmth: Roasting ground ginger balances the spice's sharp notes for a warmer, rounder flavor in recipes like Roasted Ginger Vegetable Stir-Fry.
Profile roasting can help us to make better coffee, and because it has the capacity to replicate its actions, it is a nifty tool to support the craft-oriented roasting person from error due to boredom, where repetitive roasts of the same item from the same lot of green coffee are required.
To prepare the turkey for roasting, unwrap the fresh or defrosted bird and remove the giblets and neck piece from the body and/or neck cavities (use all but the liver to make gravy, if desired.
As part of its unique roasting process, PJ's keeps its beans in very small batches, thus guaranteeing freshness and contributing to an especially rich and bitter-less coffee.
While roasting, frequently baste duckling with juices from bottom of roasting pan.