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Related to risk assessment: Risk analysis
risk assessmentSocial medicine
As refers to patient care in the UK, the evaluation of the risks to a person’s health based on his or her needs for living independently, weighed against the likely outcome for the individual, his or her carers or staff, and society, if assistance is not provided.
risk assessmentManaged care An activity that IDs risks and estimates their probability and the impact of their occurrence; RA is integral to system development as a means of estimating damage, loss, or harm that could result from a failure to develop individual system components. See Dose response assessment, Hazard identification, Risk characterization Toxicology The process by which new chemical substances are evaluated for their potential impact on human health, a process that entails determining its toxicity and number of people exposed to it. See Ames test, Morbidity, Toxicity testing.
risk as·sess·ment(risk ă-ses'mĕnt)
Analysis of risks involved prior to action being taken.
risk assessmentA study of a patient, taking into account all known relevant factors, done for the purpose of trying to determine the probability that that person will develop a particular disease or, if the disease is already present, the probability that the person will suffer exacerbation of it or death from it.
risk assessmentprocess essential to health and safety at work and clinical governance that is carried out regularly by a competent person to identify actual/potential risk, i.e. identification and record of actual/potential hazards, decision whether existing risk precautions are adequate, delineation of action plan to resolve unresolved hazards, and regular reassessment Table 1
|Principle||Example of risk control action|
|Avoid risk where possible||Use a known non-hazardous substance|
|Deal with the risk at source||Repair faults rather than erect a notice stating the fault. Warnings of hazard are essential, but warnings never reduce risk to the individual (e.g. all cigarette packets carry dire warnings of the effects of smoking, but the warning does not minimize the risk to the individual who is exposed directly or indirectly to cigarette smoke)|
|Adapt work/workplace to suit the needs of the individual||Correct-height chairs; non-glare computer screens; no one (including patients) should have to tolerate substandard work conditions|
|Embrace advances in technology to minimize risk||Use of central vacuum (bagless) nail drills, to avoid the need to empty dust bags and thus avoid inhalation of a dust hazard|
|Include risk prevention measures||Write and comply with work-related risk prevention policies and protocols, such as the need for regular rest breaks to prevent repetition injuries|
|Apply collective risk prevention strategies||Job-related tasks should be reviewed by management to ensure the principle of universal risk prevention|
|Promote understanding of the nature of risk||Both employers and employees need education to ensure that risk in all respects is identified and managed though action, training and education|
|Maintain a good culture of health and safety in the workplace||Organizational recognition and recruitment of all stake-holders (including patients and ancillary staff) in risk assessment and prevention|
risk as·sess·ment(risk ă-ses'mĕnt)
Determination of possible future disease by identifying risk factors in comparison with possible protective factors.