riot control agent

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riot control agent

The formal term for any of those vaporized chemicals (such as chloroacetophenone and chlorobenzylidene malononitrile) used in tear gas. These agents cause irritation on contact, e.g., to the skin, eyes, or respiratory mucosa, and produce visual blurring, itching and burning of the skin, coughing, wheezing, nausea or vomiting, and occasionally asphyxia.

Patient care

To reduce the effects of a tear gas exposure, remove the victim's clothes and wash the skin and hair promptly and thoroughly in soapy water. Rinse exposed eyes with sterile liquids. Patients who develop asthma or wheezing should be treated with bronchodilators such as albuterol.

See also: agent
References in periodicals archive ?
b) Use of riot control agents in situations in which civilians are used to mask or screen attacks and civilian casualties can be reduced or avoided.
The United States, for example, permits the use of riot control agents when "civilians are used to mask or screen attacks" and "in rear echelon areas to protect convoys from civil disturbances, terrorists and paramilitary organizations.
The Chemical Weapons Convention prohibits the use of riot control agents as a method of warfare, reaffirms the prohibition in international law on the use of herbicides as a method of warfare, and provides for the possibility for protection against and assistance in the event of use or threat of use of chemical weapons against a State Party.
Security forces in despotic regimes could use these agents to immobilize protesters rather than disperse them, as is done with existing riot control agents, thus allowing protesters to be taken into state custody.
2 flame weapons, riot control agents, and herbicides
In the first half of the book, biological and chemical weapons are overtly confused, as are riot control agents (tear and vomiting) and incapacitants (psycho agents).