tinea capitis

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tinea

 [tin´e-ah]
ringworm; any of numerous different fungal infections of the skin; the specific type (depending on characteristic appearance, etiologic agent and site) usually is designated by a modifying term.
tinea bar´bae ringworm of the beard, seen on bearded parts of the face and neck; caused by Trichophyton.
tinea ca´pitis ringworm of the scalp, a fungal infection caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton. Generally it is characterized by one or more small, round, elevated patches, scaling of the scalp, and dry and brittle hair.
tinea cor´poris a fungal infection of the glabrous (smooth) skin, usually due to species of Microsporum or Trichophyton.
tinea cru´ris ringworm of the groin area, starting in the perineal folds and extending onto the inner surface of the thighs; it is more common in males and is caused by Epidermophyton floccosum or species of Trichophyton; called also eczema marginatum, epidermophytosis cruris, and jock itch.
tinea fa´ciei ringworm of the face, seen on non-hairy areas of the face, often with a similar presentation to that of tinea corporis.
tinea imbrica´ta a distinctive type of tinea corporis occurring in tropical countries and caused by Trichophyton concentricum. The early lesion is circular, surrounded by a ring of scales attached along one edge; several new and larger scaling rings form later.
tinea ma´nus (tinea ma´nuum) ringworm of the hand, usually involving the interdigital spaces and palmar surfaces of the hands; it almost always accompanies tinea pedis, with the same etiologic agent for both infections.
tinea pe´dis athlete's foot.
tinea profun´da trichophytic granuloma.
tinea syco´sis an inflammatory, deep type of tinea barbae, due to Trichophyton violaceum or T. rubrum.
tinea un´guium tinea involving the nails; the invasion may be restricted to white patches or pits on the nail surface, or the lateral or distal edges of the nail may be involved first, followed by establishment of the infection beneath the nail plate.
tinea versi´color a chronic, usually asymptomatic disorder due to Malassezia furfur, marked only by multiple macular patches. Called also pityriasis versicolor.

tin·e·a ca·p'i·tis

a common form of fungus infection of the scalp caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton on or within hair shafts, occurring most commonly in children and characterized by irregularly placed and variously sized patches of apparent baldness because of hairs breaking off at the surface of the scalp, scaling, black dots (see black-dot ringworm), and occasionally erythema and pyoderma.
Synonym(s): ringworm of scalp

tinea capitis

(kăp′ĭ-tĭs)
n.
An infection of the scalp caused by fungi of the genera Microsporum or Trichophyton, characterized by itchy, scaly patches and sometimes hair loss; ringworm of the scalp.

tinea capitis

a superficial fungal infection of the scalp, most common in children. Most infections are caused by species of Trichophyton. The infection may lead to hair loss and become secondarily infected with bacteria, causing a severe inflammation. Symptoms include severe itching and scaling of the scalp. Treatment with oral antifungal agents as well as appropriate antibiotics is necessary. Oral steroids may be necessary to prevent scarring hair loss.
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Tinea capitis

tinea capitis

Fungal scalp infection, tinea of scalp Dermatology A dermatophytosis, primarily of the pediatric scalp; it can be persistent and contagious, but often disappears spontaneously at puberty; the fungi of TC thrive in warm, moist areas, aided by poor hygiene, minor skin or scalp injuries; passed by direct contact with combs, hats, clothing, fomites or pets.

tin·e·a cap·i·tis

(tin'ē-ă kap'i-tis)
A common form of fungal infection of the scalp caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton on or within hair shafts, occurring almost exclusively in children and characterized by irregularly placed and variously sized patches of apparent baldness because of hairs breaking off at the surface of the scalp, scaling, black dots, and occasionally erythema and pyoderma.
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TINEA CAPITIS

tinea capitis

A fungal infection of the scalp. It may be due to one of several types of Microsporum or to Trichophyton tonsurans.
See: illustration; kerion
See also: tinea

tinea capitis

TINEA of the scalp. Also known as kerion.

tin·e·a cap·i·tis

(tin'ē-ă kap'i-tis)
Common form of fungal infection of scalp caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton on or within hair shafts, occurring most commonly in children and characterized by irregularly placed and variously sized patches of apparent baldness because of hairs breaking off at the surface of the scalp, scaling, and black dots.