rhombencephalitis

(redirected from rhomboencephalitis)

rhombencephalitis

Brainstem encephalitis Neurology An infection of the brain corresponding to the rhombencephalon Grade I–generalized myoclinic jerks with tremor and/or ataxia Grade II–myoclonus with cranial nerve involvement–eg, ocular disturbance–nystagus, strabismus, or gaze paresis or bulbar palsy Grade III–transient myoclonus followed by rapid onset of respiratory distress, cyanosis, poor peripheral perfusion, shock, coma, loss of doll's eye reflex, and apnea

rhombencephalitis

, rhomboencephalitis (rŏmb′ĕn-sĕf-ă-lī′tĭs) (rŏm′bō-ĕn-sĕf-ă-lī′tĭs)
Brainstem infection, a disease that is most often caused by the bacterium Listeria moncytogenes or by West Nile virus, Nipah viruses, or enteroviruses. The infection is often characterized by symptoms such as fever, malaise, headache, nausea, vomiting, altered mental status, ataxia, and strokelike impairment of cranial nerves.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Among these 16 cases of EV-A71 infection, a fatal case of rhomboencephalitis was diagnosed in an adult who had been treated with rituximab (13).
The differential diagnosis of an abnormal localized signal intensity in the olive and pontomedullary area includes ischemic infarction, demyelination, tumor, an inflammatory process (including sarcoidosis), and focal rhomboencephalitis.
However, on day 13, MRI scans showed bilateral and symmetric T2 and FLAIR hypersignals in the medulla, the pons, and the mesencephalon, compatible with rhomboencephalitis (Figure, panel B).