rhinovirus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to rhinovirus: adenovirus

rhinovirus

 [ri´no-vi″rus]
any member of a genus of picornaviruses, considered to be etiologically associated with the common cold and certain other upper respiratory ailments. Over 90 antigenically different strains are known to cause the common cold. Called also coryza virus.

Rhi·no·vi·rus

(rī'nō-vī'rŭs),
A genus of acid-labile viruses (family Picornaviridae) of worldwide distribution, with a single-stranded positive sense RNA genome, associated with the common cold in humans. There are more than 110 antigenic types, formerly classified as M strains (culturable in rhesus monkey kidney and human cells) and H strains (growing only in cultures of human cells).

rhi·no·vi·rus

(rī'nō-vī'rŭs),
Any virus of the genus Rhinovirus.

rhinovirus

/rhi·no·vi·rus/ (ri´no-vi″rus) any virus belonging to the genus Rhinovirus.

Rhinovirus

/Rhi·no·vi·rus/ (ri´no-vi″rus) a genus of viruses of the family Picornaviridae that infect the upper respiratory tract and cause the common cold. Over 100 antigenically distinct varieties infect humans.

rhinovirus

(rī′nō-vī′rəs)
n. pl. rhinovi·ruses
Any of several strains of enterovirus that cause respiratory tract infections, including the common cold.

rhinovirus

[rī′nōvī′rəs]
Etymology: Gk, rhis + L, virus, poison
any of about 100 serologically distinct, small ribonucleic acid viruses that cause about 40% of acute respiratory illnesses. Infection is characterized by dry scratchy throat, nasal congestion, malaise, and headache. Fever is minimal. Nasal discharge lasts 2 or 3 days. Children may also develop a cough. Type-specific antibodies may last for 2 to 4 years. The treatment is nonspecific and may include rest, analgesics, antihistamines, and nasal decongestants. Complete recovery is usual. Also called coryza virus. Compare adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus. See also cold.

rhinovirus

Virology An RNA virus that may cause lower RTIs in immunocompromised Pts and exacerbations of bronchitis and asthma in children; rhinovirus is a small–30 nm, nonenveloped virus with a single-strand RNA genome in an icosahedral capsid; there are ±100 serotypes of RV; RVs belong to the Picornaviridae family, which includes genera Enterovirus–polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, enteroviruses, and Hepatovirus–HAV Clinical Common cold, accompanied by nasopharyngitis, croup, pneumonia; most cases are mild and self-limited Epidemiology Transmitted by aerosol or direct contact, with the nasal mucosa and conjunctiva. See Common cold.

Rhi·no·vi·rus

(rī'nō-vī'rŭs)
A genus of acid-labile viruses associated with the common cold. There are more than 110 antigenic types.

rhi·no·vi·rus

(rī'nō-vī'rŭs)
Any virus of the genus Rhinovirus.

Rhinovirus

A virus that infects the upper respiratory system and causes the common cold.
Mentioned in: Common Cold

Rhi·no·vi·rus

(rī'nō-vī'rŭs)
A genus of acid-labile viruses associated with the common cold.

rhinovirus,

n any of about 100 serologically distinct, small ribonucleic acid viruses that cause about 40% of acute respiratory illnesses. Infection is characterized by dry, scratchy throat, nasal congestion, malaise, and headache. Fever is minimal. Nasal discharge lasts 2 or 3 days.

Rhinovirus

a genus of single-stranded positive sense RNA viruses in the family picornaviridae. They cause common colds in humans and similar diseases in cattle.

rhinovirus

a member of the genus Rhinovirus.

bovine rhinovirus
some isolates cause nasal discharge, cough, dyspnea and fever. Others are innocuous.
References in periodicals archive ?
Human rhinovirus infections in hospitalized children; clinical, epidemiological and virological features.
Because all three cold virus strains all contribute to the common cold, drug candidates failed as the surface features that permit rhinovirus C to dock with host cells and evade the immune system were unknown and different from those of rhinovirus A and B.
Dr Birgit Winther, who led the study, published in the American Journal of Medicine, said: "Some people still spray the air with disinfectants but rhinovirus doesn't fly through the air.
Inhaling steam also has been proposed as a treatment of cold on the assumption that increasing the temperature inside the nose inhibits rhinovirus replication," said Dr Ahmed.
Of the 41 participants who had wheezing while infected with a rhinovirus while infants, 54% had a diagnosis of asthma by the age of six compared with 23% of the 214 children who did not wheeze with rhinovirus.
Research: Fifty volunteers participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled study to investigate the effects of Safflorin in rhinovirus infection.
The main culprit is the rhinovirus, which gets into the cells that line your nose and reproduces.
He inoculated 50 individuals with a rhinovirus before dividing them into two groups.
To investigate the interaction of these two stimuli within their common epithelial cell targets in the upper and lower respiratory tracks, we infected primary human nasal epithelial cells and cells of the BEAS-2B line grown at the air-liquid interface with human rhinovirus type 16 (RV16) and exposed them to N[O.
The anti-viral drug, developed in the US, makes a runny nose clear up completely a day sooner than usual and begins to ease the symptoms of a cold within a day - in cases where the infection has been caused by a rhinovirus.
RESEARCHERS AT PURDUE UNIVERSITY HAVE DETERMINED THAT COMMON COLD VIRUS RHINOVIRUS 16, as this model shows, contains 60 tentacles capable of connecting to human cells.
More than 110 distinct rhinovirus types have been identified.