Inclusion criteria for allergic rhinitis included symptoms of sneezing, itching, rhinorrhoea
, nasal congestion.
8 Table 3: Distribution of signs and symptoms Allergic Rhinitis Allergic Rhinitis with bronchial (n=63) asthma (n=37) Symptoms and symptoms Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Rhinorrhoea
Ipsilateral signs of autonomic response may usually be present, such as lacrimation, rhinorrhoea
, nasal congestion, forehead and facial perspiration, myosis, ptosis, eyelid edema, conjunctival injection and temporal arterial inflammation.
Clinical symptoms and signs typically start with an upper respiratory prodrome, including rhinorrhoea
, low-grade fever, cough and poor feeding, followed 1-2 days later by tachypnoea, hyperinflation and wheeze as a consequence of airway inflammation and air trapping.
A young female presented on with spontaneous non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea
for three months which was positional in nature, relieved temporarily by neck flexion.
Study by Rerksuppaphol et al reported decreased duration of cough, rhinorrhoea
and other symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections in 8 to 13 year old school going children supplemented with zinc, with no effects on incidence of common cold or URTI.
, nasal congestion and facial pain or pressure are highly predictive of acute sinusitis, but the distinction between AVRS and ABRS is often difficult.
3 Compared with older antihistamines, newer antihistamines (third generation) have rapid onset of action (minutes to hours), are easy to use, and are highly effective on symptoms such as rhinorrhoea
, sneezing, and nasal pruritis.
Spontaneous or primary cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula is a rare cause of CSF rhinorrhoea
A 23-year old lady primigravida with 28 weeks of gestation presented with rhinorrhoea
, breathlessness, vomiting, cough with scanty yellow coloured sputum and fevers for two days.
5%) Sneezing No sneezing 22(48%) Mild to moderate 18(39%) Moderate to severe 6(13%) Post nasal drip No Post nasal drip 10(22%) Mild to moderate 17(37%) Moderate to severe 19(41%) Nasal irritation / itching No Nasal irritation / itching 13(28%) Mild to moderate 17(37%) Moderate to severe 16(35%) Rhinorrhoea
10(22%) Mild 24(52%) Moderate 12(26%) Severe 0 Sleep Disturbance No Sleep disturbance 38(83%) Mild to moderate 5(11%) Moderate to severe 3(6.
The pain is characteristically associated with ipsilateral lacrimation, ptosis and rhinorrhoea