It was phlegmonous from the tip of the appendix and joined through retroperitoneum
to the liver capsule (Figure 3).
CD can arise wherever lymph nodes are found, but the most involved site is the chest, particularly in the retroperitoneum
,[sup] as well as other areas such as the suprarenal area and lateral to the kidney or abdominal or cervical lymphadenitis.
4 - case Authors Location Outcome Kitahara et Lung; Died; malignant al, 1993 (4) retroperitoneum
paraganglioma Died of mediastinitis Park et al, Anterior with combined 2000 (5) mediastinum pneumonia 22 days after operation Lieberum Paranasal sinus Recovery et al, 2003 (6) Dahir et al, Mediastinum Recovery 2004 (7) Otsuka et Retroperitoneum
Recovery al, 2005 (8) Died of Willenberg pulmonary et al, 2006 (9) Retroperitoneum
bleeding 6 months after operation Palau et al, Mediastinum Recovery 2006 (10) Fohr et al, Anterior Recovery 2011 (11) mediastinum Thomas et Left paranasal Recovery al, 2013 (12) sinus Serra et al, right nasal Recovery 2013 (13) sinuses Present Retroperitoneum
Recovery case All are paraganglioma proved by immunohistochemistry.
The stones of 4(16%) patients dropped into the retroperitoneum
in Group B, and the duration of surgery was lengthened in those patients because of the search for the stones.
For many years, the retroperitoneum
was a difficult region to image radiographically.
Mislocated IUDs in omentum and retroperitoneum
were converted to laparotomy because of dense adhesions .
Drey, "Mullerian cyst of the retroperitoneum
," American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.
Seven months after the initial surgery, the patient was diagnosed with a recurrence of the disease; on imaging he presented a 10 cm in diameter tumor in the retroperitoneum
KEY WORDS: Ganglioneuroma, Retroperitoneum
, Sympathetic nervous system.
2] may also dissect the retroperitoneum
, become disseminated and reach the structures of the neck as was the case with this patient.
Lymphangiomas are benign malformations of the lymphatic system, usually found in the neck (75%) and axilla (20%) (1) and less commonly encountered in the orbit, mediastinum, adrenal gland, kidney, bone, omentum, gastrointestinal tract, retroperitoneum
, liver, and pancreas.
Potential pathways for air into peritoneum * Direct passage through pleural and diaphragmatic defects * Passage via the mediastinum along perivascular connective tissue to the retroperitoneum
and finally to the peritoneum (pneumotosis intestinalis coli) * Microperforations in the diaphragm that represent natural microscopic passageways Table 3.