retrograde

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retrograde

 [ret´ro-grād]
1. moving backward or against the usual direction of flow.
2. degenerating, deteriorating, or catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād),
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
3. Used in neuroscience to describe distal-proximal flow, movement, or transport in an axon toward its cell body, or degeneration of an axon proximal to a point of injury, such degenerative changes may extend to, and include, the cell body.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro- + gradior, to go]

retrograde

/ret·ro·grade/ (ret´ro-grād) going backward; retracing a former course; catabolic.

retrograde

[ret′rəgrād]
Etymology: L, retro + gradus, step
1 moving backward; moving in the opposite direction to that which is considered normal.
2 degenerating; reverting to an earlier state or worse condition.
3 catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde

A going backwards or a reversion of the usual sequence.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde,

v to move backward, degenerate, or return to an earlier state or worse condition.

retrograde

going backward; retracting a former course; catabolic.

retrograde pyelography
radiography of the kidney after introduction of contrast medium through the ureter.
References in periodicals archive ?
The atretic segment was retrogradely perforated with the stiff end of the nitinol guidewire in first case.
In brief, the rat hearts were isolated and retrogradely perfused with Krebs-Henseleit (K-H) buffer equilibrated with 95% [O.
After a midline sternotomy, the hearts were rapidly excised and perfused retrogradely at a constant perfusion pressure of 80 mmHg with a modified Krebs' solution containing NaCl (120 mM), [NaHCO.
After the heart was cleaned of surrounding tissues, the aorta was immediately tied to a stainless steel cannula of the perfusion system, and the heart was perfused retrogradely by noncirculating Langendorff technique (23).