retrograde urethrography


Also found in: Dictionary.

Retrograde Urethrography

 

Definition

Retrograde urethrography involves the use of x-ray pictures to provide visualization of structural problems or injuries to the urethra.

Purpose

Retrograde urethrography is used, in combination with a doctor's observation and other tests, to establish a diagnosis for individuals, almost exclusively men, who may have structural problems of the urethra.

Precautions

The doctor should be made aware of any previous history of reactions to shellfish, iodine, or any iodinecontaining foods or dyes. An earlier allergic reaction during a dye study is not necessarily something that makes the test inadvisable (a contraindication) as no dye is injected into the bloodstream for this study. Other conditions that should be considered by the physician before the test is done include pregnancy, recent urethral surgery, or severe inflammation of the urethra, bladder, or prostate.

Description

The urethra is first visually examined by the doctor, and the opening is cleansed with an antiseptic solution. A flexible rubber or plastic catheter is then inserted into the urethra, and dye is injected into the catheter. A clamp is applied to hold the dye in place while x-ray pictures are taken of the urethral structure. The clamp and catheter are then removed. The procedure takes approximately 15 minutes. However, the patient may be asked to wait while films are developed, which also permits the patient to be observed for any immediate side effects from the dye. The test may be performed in a hospital, doctor's office, outpatient center, or freestanding surgical facility. The time involved for reporting of test results to the doctor may vary from a few minutes to a few days.

Preparation

The patient will be asked to sign a consent form after the risks and benefits of the procedure have been explained. No diet or activity changes are necessary in preparation for the procedure. The patient will be asked to remove all clothing and put on a surgical gown before the test begins.

Normal results

The presence of no anatomical or functional abnormalities is considered a normal result.

Abnormal results

Abnormal findings may indicate:
  • congenital abormalities
  • fistulas or false passages
  • lacerations
  • strictures
  • valves, known as "posterior urethral valves"
  • tumors

Resources

Organizations

American Kidney Fund (AKF). Suite 1010, 6110 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852. (800) 638-8299. http://216.248.130.102/Default.htm.
National Kidney Foundation. 30 East 33rd St., New York, NY 10016. (800) 622-9010. http://www.kidney.org.

Key terms

Bladder — The balloonlike organ in the lower abdomen that holds urine.
Catheter — Tube used to inject into or withdraw fluids from the bladder.
Renal — Relating to the kidneys, from the Latin word for kidneys, renes.
Urethra — Tube that carries the urine from the bladder out of the body.
Visualization — The process of making an internal organ visible. A radiopaque subtance is introduced into the body, then an x-ray picture of the desired organ is taken.

retrograde urethrography

radiographic examination of the urethra after suspicion of obstruction of its external orifice and injection of contrast material that travels in a retrograde direction towards the bladder. It is used for evaluation of strictures, diverticula, and trauma.

urethrography

radiography of the urethra.

prostatic urethrography
the contrast material is delivered by catheter to the area of the prostate.
retrograde urethrography
the contrast medium is injected into the terminal part of the urethra which has been occluded by a Foley catheter.
voiding urethrography
contrast medium is injected into the urinary bladder and radiographs are taken as it is forced into the urethra.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dynamic retrograde urethrography and micturating cystourethrography are being used for urethral imaging.
Sonourethrogram and MRI are now being used as an adjunct to voiding cystourethrography and retrograde urethrography in urethral imaging.
Therefore, retrograde urethrography was performed to detect urethral ruptures.
Retrograde urethrography (RUG) was performed in the first case and RUG with urethroscopy in the second case of urethrorhagia.