retrograde

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retrograde

 [ret´ro-grād]
1. moving backward or against the usual direction of flow.
2. degenerating, deteriorating, or catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād),
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
3. Used in neuroscience to describe distal-proximal flow, movement, or transport in an axon toward its cell body, or degeneration of an axon proximal to a point of injury, such degenerative changes may extend to, and include, the cell body.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro- + gradior, to go]

retrograde

/ret·ro·grade/ (ret´ro-grād) going backward; retracing a former course; catabolic.

retrograde

[ret′rəgrād]
Etymology: L, retro + gradus, step
1 moving backward; moving in the opposite direction to that which is considered normal.
2 degenerating; reverting to an earlier state or worse condition.
3 catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde

A going backwards or a reversion of the usual sequence.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde,

v to move backward, degenerate, or return to an earlier state or worse condition.

retrograde

going backward; retracting a former course; catabolic.

retrograde pyelography
radiography of the kidney after introduction of contrast medium through the ureter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contrairement a ce volet glorificateur, la retrogradation a couple des messages de disqualification et de derision politiques pointant des anciens dinosaures , soient-ils politiques ou religieux.
After samples were stored for up to 28 days, the calorimeter was used again to study the gelatinization and retrogradation processes.
For retrogradation study, all specimens were kept in a chamber that was conditioned at 53% RH (saturated [Mg([NO.
Adebowale KO and O Lawal Microstructure, physicochemical properties and retrogradation behaviour of mucuna bean (Mucuna pruriens) starch on heat moisture treatment.
Dimanche, l'Allemand a ete sanctionne d'une retrogradation de dix places sur la grille au prochain Grand Prix de Belgique pour un tassement sur Rubens Barrichello en toute fin de course.
The high retrogradation tendency observed for the control sample could be due to the crystallization involving amylose molecules and the long-branch chain of amylopectin [30].
In both the microwave-infrared and conventional ovens, the xanthan-guar gum blend decreased the hardness of the cakes, as well as their weight loss, retrogradation enthalpy and any changes in their setback viscosity values during the storage period, as compared to the control formulation.
Lower setback viscosity indicates higher potential for retrogradation in food products [40] and gives an idea about retrogradation tendency of starch [47].
However, the behavior of tensile strength and Young's modulus of HAMNC and NMNC could also be related to the retrogradation of the amylose fraction in these nanocomposites.
L'ancien maestro des Verts et ex-entraineur du WA Tlemcen en debut de saison, Lakhdar Belloumi, n'est pas reste insensible a la retrogradation de l'equipe.
Korean researchers at Inha University examined how germinated brown rice, black rice, barley, soybean and buckwheat powder, when added to rice flour, would affect the physicochemical quality, gelatinization and retrogradation of Sulgidduks.
This may be attributed to retrogradation and re-ordering processes of starch molecules, especially amylose, which affects the overall product textural quality [28, 29].