retroelement


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retroelement

(rĕt′rō-ĕl′ə-mənt)
n.
A genetic element, such as a retrotransposon, that can be incorporated into a DNA sequence after reverse transcription of an RNA molecule.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers need to know more about how the cancer cells get in and out of the clams and how the retroelement is involved in the disease, she says.
Methylation of endogenous human retroelements in health and disease.
Retroelements use a copy-and-paste process instead of the cut-and-paste process of transposons.
is pantropic; it permanently integrates its gene sequences into the host cell genome; it has an extraordinarily high mutation/ recombination rate; multiple subtypes are known (see below) to infect a subject at the same time in a single transmitting event; HIV-1 subtypes not only recombine with each other but may also recombine with human endogenous retroelements (11) or human chromosome segments (3,36); HIV-1 infection may activate human endogenous retroelements with or without recombination; and because of compartmentalization, the population dynamics of HIV-1 subtypes differ in different tissue compartments (see below).