retinopexy

retinopexy

 [ret´in-o-pek″se]
restoring of the retina to its proper anatomical location.
pneumatic retinopexy a treatment for retinal detachment involving injection of gas into the posterior vitreous cavity in such a way that the gas bubble presses against the area of torn retina, forcing it back into place.

ret·i·no·pex·y

(ret'i-nō-pek'sē),
A procedure to repair a detached retina by holding it in place; for example, by producing chorioretinal adhesions by freezing ("retinal cryopexy").
[retino- + G. pēxis, fixation]

retinopexy

[ret′inopek′se]
restoration of the retina to its proper anatomical location.

ret·i·no·pex·y

(ret'i-nō-pek-sē)
A procedure to repair a detached retina by holding it in place, e.g., by producing chorioretinal adhesions by freezing ("retinal cryopexy").
[retino- + G. pēxis, fixation]

retinal break 

A full thickness opening in the neurosensory retina. It may be a hole, usually due to atrophy of the retina and often overlaid by an operculum; or a tear, horseshoe-shaped (U-shaped), round or slit-like, usually caused by posterior vitreous detachment in which the vitreous adheres to the retina and pulls it from the point of adherence during or just after an abrupt eye movement; or a giant retinal tear which involves 90º or more of the circumference of the globe and is commonly associated with Marfan's syndrome or Stickler's syndrome; or retinal dialysis which is usually the result of trauma. The patient may complain of photopsia, seeing floaters or flashes and some visual field defects and they may present with a vitreous haemorrhage. Management of retinal breaks includes localized laser photocoagulation (laser retinopexy) or cryopexy, a method of cryotherapy (freezing of the tissues causing local protein denaturation which leads to adhesion of the retina to the pigment epithelium), as the defect may lead to rhegmatogenous or tractional retinal detachment. See macular hole; retinal dialysis; retinoschisis; Shafer's sign.

retinopexy

a surgical procedure to correct detachment of the retina by forming chorioretinal adhesions around the tear.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy and pars plana vitrectomy are effective at reducing tractional forces and are often combined with cryopexy or laser photocoagulation to create a fluid barrier and seal the retina (see Figure 4).
The simplest treatment is pneumatic retinopexy, where a bubble of gas is injected into the eye and presses the retina back in place.
Nelson had laser retinopexy at UCLA's Jules Stein Eye Institute after a thorough examination discovered the tear, which was a surprise given his eye injuries this season have been relegated to his right eye.
D'Amico has revealed that there are three surgical options that can be used to treat retinal detachment, namely scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy, and vitrectomy
Current first-line therapies for RRD include three commonly employed surgical techniques: scleral buckle, vitrectomy and pneumatic retinopexy.
Their computerized inpatient and outpatient records were searched to identify all subsequent exams and all possible treatments for diabetic eye disease, including focal and panretinal photocoagulation, retinopexy, and trabeculoplasty.
At six months follow-up, results showed 89% of retinas were successfully attached with one transscleral diode laser retinopexy procedure, and visual acuity either improved or remained unchanged within one line of baseline in 95% of eyes with successful outcomes.
Secondary types include iatrogenic membranes that occur due to surgical trauma, such as cataract or retinal detachment surgery or retinopexy with laser photocoagulation or cryotherapy.
Nelson had laser retinopexy Monday at UCLA's Jules Stein Eye Institute, missed practice Monday and Tuesday and will have an evaluation today to determine his status for Thursday's Pauley Pavilion tilt with visiting Oregon State.
During the procedure, called a laser retinopexy, Schwartz sent a laser beam through Watson's pupil to the back of the eye.
If there is a history of surgery for retinal detachment, then pigmentary changes associated with the detachment are likely to be observed and will almost always be seen peripherally, associated with laser or cryosurgical retinopexy.
Laser retinopexy is routinely applied to retinal tears or detachments and is very effective at preventing visual loss.