reticulum


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reticulum

 [rĕ-tik´u-lum] (L.)
1. a small network, especially a protoplasmic network in cells.
agranular reticulum smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum.
endoplasmic reticulum an ultramicroscopic organelle of nearly all higher plant and animal cells, consisting of a system of membrane-bound cavities in the cytoplasm, occurring in two types: granular or rough-surfaced, bearing large numbers of ribosomes on its outer surface, and agranular or smooth-surfaced.
granular reticulum rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum.
sarcoplasmic reticulum a form of agranular reticulum in the sarcoplasm of striated muscle, comprising a system of smooth-surfaced tubules surrounding each myofibril.

re·tic·u·lum

, pl.

re·tic·u·la

(re-tik'yū-lŭm, -lă), [TA]
1. A fine network formed by cells, or formed of certain structures within cells or of connective tissue fibers between cells.
2. Synonym(s): neuroglia
3. The second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant, a comparatively small chamber communicating with the rumen; sometimes called the honeycomb because of the characteristic structure of its wall.
[L. dim of rete, a net]

reticulum

/re·tic·u·lum/ (rĕ-tik´u-lum) pl. retic´ula   [L.]
1. a small network, especially a protoplasmic network in cells.

endoplasmic reticulum  an ultramicroscopic organelle of nearly all higher plant and animal cells, consisting of a system of membrane-bound cavities in the cytoplasm; occurring in two types, rough-surfaced (granular r.), bearing large numbers of ribosomes on its outer surface, and smooth-surfaced (agranular r.) .
sarcoplasmic reticulum  a form of agranular reticulum in the sarcoplasm of striated muscle, comprising a system of smooth-surfaced tubules surrounding each myofibril.
stellate reticulum  the soft, middle part of the enamel organ of a developing tooth.

reticulum

(rĭ-tĭk′yə-ləm)
n. pl. reticu·la (-lə)
1. A netlike formation or structure; a network.
2. Zoology The second compartment of the stomach of ruminant mammals, lined with a membrane having honeycombed ridges.

re·tic·u·lum

, pl. reticula (rĕ-tik'yū-lŭm, -ă) [TA]
1. A fine network formed by cells, or formed of certain structures within cells or of connective tissue fibers between cells.
2. Synonym(s): neuroglia.
3. The second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant, a comparatively small chamber communicating with the rumen; sometimes called the honeycomb because of the characteristic structure of its wall.
[L. dim of rete, a net]

reticulum

Any netlike structure of the body.

reticulum

  1. the second compartment of the ruminant stomach.
  2. a network, particularly of PROTOPLASM.

reticulum

pl. reticula [L.]
1. a small network, especially a protoplasmic network in cells.
2. reticular tissue.
3. the smallest, most cranial section of the compound stomach of ruminants, lined with mucous membrane folded into a hexagonal pattern. Called also honeycomb. It communicates cranially with the esophagus and caudally with the rumen.

reticulum (1) cell
see reticular1 cells.
reticulum (1) cell leukemia
see malignant histiocytosis.
reticulum (1) cell sarcoma
see cutaneous lymphosarcoma.
endoplasmic reticulum (1)
an ultramicroscopic organelle of nearly all higher plant and animal cells, consisting of a system of membrane-bound cavities in the cytoplasm, occurring in two types: granular or rough-surfaced, bearing large numbers of ribosomes on its outer surface, and concerned mainly with protein production, and agranular or smooth-surfaced, concerned with lipid and glycogen synthesis and cholesterol metabolism. See also rough endoplasmic reticulum.
sarcoplasmic reticulum (1)
a form of agranular reticulum in the sarcoplasm of striated muscle, comprising a system of smooth-surfaced tubules surrounding each myofibril.
transmissible reticulum (1) cell tumor
see canine transmissible venereal tumor.
transmissible venereal reticulum (1) cell tumor
see canine transmissible venereal tumor.
References in periodicals archive ?
It may be concluded that the cytoplasm of acinar cells was filled with mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex in mid and late foetal age groups.
1981) further outlined that an extensive and polymorphic aspect of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum could be regarded as a distinguishing characteristic of the Leydig cells in the vervet monkey.
Role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in apoptosis of differentiated mouse podocytes induced by high glucose.
Benito, "Autophagy plays a protective role in endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated pancreatic [beta] cell death," Autophagy, vol.
1993 The promoter region of the yeast KAR2 (BiP gene contains a regulatory domain that responds to the presence of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum.
Protocols for decellularization of bovine reticulum after de-epithelialization and delamination
helenaewitoldi, have extremely reduced, small rhabdosomes with a simple proximal end, no reticulum and no genicular hoods (Fig.
Prominent among these proteins is phospholamban (PLB), a transmembrane protein that is located in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and binds to and regulates the activity of a [Ca.
Acanthomatous ameloblastoma is a rare variant of follicular ameloblastoma with squamous metaplasia and even keratinization are seen in the stellate reticulum area.
The neural cells from one of the familial and one of the sporadic patients showed endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress and ox id ative-stress phenotypes associated with intracellular Ap oligomers.
An impairment of calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum could be another factor for the prolongation in time to peak twitch tension in the diabetic soleus muscle.