restrictive lung disease


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restrictive lung disease

Pulmonology A general term that encompasses the functional aspects of interstitial lung disease Etiology-Acute Infections–miliary TB, histoplasmosis, PCP, CMV, fungal; RT; pulmonary edema, inhalation-byssinosis; aspiration; Goodpasture's disease; lung CA; idiopathic-Hamman-Rich syndrome Etiology-chronic Pneumoconiosis; RT; CA-lung, breast, stomach, pancreas; drugs-bleomycin, busulfan, hydralazine; systemic disease-sarcoidosis, collagen vascular disease, Langerhans cell histiocytosis; diffuse interstitial fibrosis Clinical SOB, tachypnea, concentric ↓ in lung volumes Imaging Interstital and alveolar pattern Functional tests ↓ diffusing capacity. Cf Restrictive lung disease.

restrictive lung disease

Any chest disease that results in reduced lung volumes and reduced lung compliance.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a consequence of impaired cough and restrictive lung disease, secretions accumulate in the airways and gravitate downward.
P-wave changes in obstructive and restrictive lung diseases.
Lung transplantation is a highly beneficial treatment resulting in improved survival rates and quality of life in people with end-stage, chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, and restrictive lung diseases.
Haviv and Safadi (7) reported a patient who developed rapidly progressive systemic sclerosis manifested by worsening skin lesions, diffuse interstitial restrictive lung disease, progressive renal failure with normal blood pressure, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia that occurred within a few weeks of oral corticosteroids and penicillamine therapy.
She had undergone tracheotomy tube placement 9 months earlier for respiratory failure secondary to extreme restrictive lung disease.
During the same period, clinical evaluation of a worker who developed chronic restrictive lung disease related to work duties in the hotel was performed by physicians not directly related to the NIOSH evaluation.
Restrictive lung disease: Restrictive lung disease is characterized by fixed or diminished lung volumes and vital capacities (in contrast to obstructive lung disorders, where airway size is decreased--by emphesema, bronchospasm, or excess mucus--limiting the ability to exhale).
As could be expected, age and gender were associated with obstructive and restrictive lung disease," said Dr.
The girl's medical history was significant for reactive airway disease and restrictive lung disease secondary to pectus carinatum with severe kyphoscoliosis.
Restrictive lung disease may be associated with the severe scoliosis and thoracic cage abnormalities in this syndrome.
In other patients, this interstitial reaction may eventually lead to interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and to clinical evidence of restrictive lung disease.