reservoir host


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Related to reservoir host: paratenic host, amplifier host

host

 [hōst]
1. an animal or plant that harbors and provides sustenance for another organism (the parasite).
2. the recipient of an organ or other tissue derived from another organism (the donor).
accidental host one that accidentally harbors an organism that is not ordinarily parasitic in the particular species.
definitive host (final host) a host in which a parasite attains sexual maturity.
intermediate host a host in which a parasite passes one or more of its asexual stages; usually designated first and second, if there is more than one.
paratenic host a potential or substitute intermediate host that serves until the appropriate definitive host is reached, and in which no development of the parasite occurs; it may or may not be necessary to the completion of the parasite's life cycle.
host of predilection the host preferred by a parasite.
primary host definitive host.
reservoir host an animal (or species) that is infected by a parasite, and which serves as a source of infection for humans or another species.
secondary host intermediate host.
transfer host one that is used until the appropriate definitive host is reached, but is not necessary to completion of the life cycle of the parasite.

res·er·voir host

the host of an infection in which the infectious agent multiplies and/or develops, and on which the agent depends for survival in nature; the host essential for the maintenance of the infection during times when active transmission is not occurring.

reservoir host

a nonhuman host that serves as a means of sustaining an infectious organism as a potential source of human infection. Wild monkeys are reservoir hosts for the yellow fever virus, which can spread from the jungle to infect humans.

res·er·voir host

(rez'ĕr-vwahr hōst)
The host of an infection in which the infectious agent multiplies and develops, and on which the agent is dependent for survival in nature.

host

1. an animal or plant that harbors and provides sustenance for another organism (the parasite). Includes paratenic, intermediate etc.
2. the recipient of an organ or other tissue derived from another organism (the donor).

accidental host
one that accidentally harbors an organism that is not ordinarily parasitic in the particular species.
alternate host
intermediate host.
dead-end host
the disease cannot be transmitted from the infected host to another animal.
host determinants
characteristics in the host which determine its susceptibility to a disease, e.g. closeness to parturition and metabolic diseases.
host-parasite reaction
the inflammatory reaction that sometimes occurs around a parasite in tissues, e.g. a warble fly larva in the esophageal wall.
predilection host
the host preferred by a parasite.
primary host
definitive host.
reservoir host
an animal (or species) that is infected by a parasite, and which serves as a source of infection for humans or another species.
host risk factors
epidemiological factors contributing to the development of a disease and which are contributed by the host.
secondary host
intermediate host.
host specificity
the characteristic of a parasite that renders it capable of infecting only one or more specific hosts.
transfer host, transport host
one that is used until the appropriate definitive host is reached, but is not necessary to complete the life cycle of the parasite.
host variable
see host determinants (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Meriones libycus and Rhombomys opimus (Rodentia: Gerbillidae) are the main reservoir hosts in a new focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran.
Confirmation of Tatera indica (Rodentia: Gerbillidae) as the main reservoir host of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the west of Iran.
Depending whether one considers one or two species as reservoir hosts, the corresponding models to be considered are
Eradicating all rodent reservoir hosts for both pathogenic leptospires and hantaviruses is both impractical, because of the widespread distribution of rodents, and undesirable, because of the importance of rodents as insectivores and prey for larger predators in the ecosystem.
mongolensis in Turkmen Sahara, but it is important to discover the complementary roles of the sandflies species transmitting each Leishmania species among the reservoir hosts and to people (24-26).
PCoA indicated that infections in humans were strongly associated with infections in local macaque reservoir hosts for both Malaysian Borneo and peninsular Malaysia (online Technical Appendix 2 Figure 5).
Rodents belonging to Gerbillinae subfamily are the main reservoir hosts of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in Iran.
This animal serves as a keystone host for all life stages of the principal tick vector (Amblyomma americanum) and is perhaps the most important vertebrate reservoir host for E.
Hence, coyotes served as a naturally occurring epidemiologic and physiologic sentinel model for studying infection kinetics and pathology induced by this bacterium in a reservoir host (coyotes).
to birds should be investigated, and additional studies that investigate the reservoir host range of Bartonella spp.