rescue breathing


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rescue breathing

n.
A technique used to resuscitate a person who has stopped breathing, in which the rescuer forces air into the victim's lungs at intervals of several seconds, usually by exhaling into the victim's mouth or nose or into a mask fitted over the victim's mouth.
Any of a number of life-saving manoeuvres in which a rescuer (R1) inflates the rescuee’s (R2) lungs by breathing into the R2’s airway access ‘port’; it is no longer considered optimal therapy for cardiac arrest. A 2006 report in Lancet compared CPR with and without rescue breathing and found a two-fold higher rate of survival in those who did not receive rescue breathing.
In early 2008, the American Heart Association changed its guidelines to include hands-only CPR, a new version using chest compressions only. Hands-only CPR is intended for untrained rescuers and only for witnessed cardiac arrest.

rescue breathing

Emergency medicine Any of a number of life-saving maneuvers in which a rescuer–R1 inflates the rescuee's–R2 lungs by breathing into the R2's airway access 'port'. See ABCs–of CPR, Head-tilt/Chin-lift maneuver.
Rescue breathing types
Mouth-to-mouth Airway is opened by the head-tilt/jaw-lift maneuver, nose is pinched by R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's mouth and gives 2 full breaths–1 to 1.5 seconds/breath, allows good chest expansion, average volume 800 mL
Mouth-to-nose Used when there is major trauma to the face, trismus, or a tight mouth seal cannot be formed; airway is opened by the head-tilt/jaw-lift maneuver, mouth is closed by R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's nose and gives 2 full breaths as above
Mouth-to-stoma Used in Pts who have undergone laryngectomy; R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's stoma and breathes as above  

head-tilt/chin-lift ma·neu·ver

(hĕd'tilt-chin'lift mă-nū'vĕr)
Basic procedure used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to open the patient's airway. Rescuers one hand tilts head back while other hand is placed under the chin to lift the mandible and displace the tongue.
Synonym(s): manual airway maneuver, rescue breathing.

head-tilt/chin-lift ma·neu·ver

(hĕd'tilt-chin'lift mă-nū'vĕr)
Basic procedure used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to open the patient's airway.
Synonym(s): manual airway maneuver, rescue breathing.

breathing

the alternate inspiration and expiration of air into and out of the lungs (see also respiration).

costal breathing
see costal respiration.
intermittent positive-pressure breathing (IPPB)
the active inflation of the lungs during inspiration under positive pressure from a cycling valve.
periodic breathing
rescue breathing
artificial ventilation.
References in periodicals archive ?
For people who are trained in conventional CPR, rescue breathing should be incorporated with the following new guidelines: give two breaths after 30 compressions, and then repeat the cycle.
To keep the blood moving when someone's heart has stopped, rescuers perform "chest compressions" in addition to rescue breathing.
Among their key findings are that survival rates were similar for adults who received their CPR from bystanders randomly assigned to provide only chest compressions and those who were instructed to do standard CPR with rescue breathing.
At a recent session of the class at Sheldon Community Center, a roomful of mostly girls teamed up with a partner and learned how to perform rescue breathing on rubber mannequins stuffed with plastic produce bags.
It currently advises compression-only CPR when bystanders are "unwilling or unable" to do rescue breathing at the same time.
Nikita and Araxi said they enjoyed practicing the rescue breathing on Fluffy and Casper.
Immediately, he checked the victim's airway and began rescue breathing.
Mole, Talley's coach at Royal, administered rescue breathing (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) while Ferree, wrestling coach at Atascadero, applied chest compressions.
The Chain of Drowning Survival illustrates the steps they should take when they spot someone in distress in the water: recognize the signs of someone trouble and shout for help; rescue and remove the person from water without putting yourself in danger; call emergency medical services; begin rescue breathing and CPR, and use an AED if available and transfer care to advanced life support, if needed.
He said after he was told his son was unconscious he ran down and "took over rescue breathing from an employee".
The pedestrian was seriously injured, and troopers were able to insert an emergency oral airway, apply a bag valve mask, and perform rescue breathing.
Officer Marti Overton quickly arrived on the scene with a portable automated external defibrillator and administered one electrical impulse and rescue breathing while Chief Granucci continued chest compressions.