rescue breathing


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rescue breathing

n.
A technique used to resuscitate a person who has stopped breathing, in which the rescuer forces air into the victim's lungs at intervals of several seconds, usually by exhaling into the victim's mouth or nose or into a mask fitted over the victim's mouth.
Any of a number of life-saving manoeuvres in which a rescuer (R1) inflates the rescuee’s (R2) lungs by breathing into the R2’s airway access ‘port’; it is no longer considered optimal therapy for cardiac arrest. A 2006 report in Lancet compared CPR with and without rescue breathing and found a two-fold higher rate of survival in those who did not receive rescue breathing.
In early 2008, the American Heart Association changed its guidelines to include hands-only CPR, a new version using chest compressions only. Hands-only CPR is intended for untrained rescuers and only for witnessed cardiac arrest.

rescue breathing

Emergency medicine Any of a number of life-saving maneuvers in which a rescuer–R1 inflates the rescuee's–R2 lungs by breathing into the R2's airway access 'port'. See ABCs–of CPR, Head-tilt/Chin-lift maneuver.
Rescue breathing types
Mouth-to-mouth Airway is opened by the head-tilt/jaw-lift maneuver, nose is pinched by R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's mouth and gives 2 full breaths–1 to 1.5 seconds/breath, allows good chest expansion, average volume 800 mL
Mouth-to-nose Used when there is major trauma to the face, trismus, or a tight mouth seal cannot be formed; airway is opened by the head-tilt/jaw-lift maneuver, mouth is closed by R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's nose and gives 2 full breaths as above
Mouth-to-stoma Used in Pts who have undergone laryngectomy; R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's stoma and breathes as above  

head-tilt/chin-lift ma·neu·ver

(hĕd'tilt-chin'lift mă-nū'vĕr)
Basic procedure used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to open the patient's airway. Rescuers one hand tilts head back while other hand is placed under the chin to lift the mandible and displace the tongue.
Synonym(s): manual airway maneuver, rescue breathing.

head-tilt/chin-lift ma·neu·ver

(hĕd'tilt-chin'lift mă-nū'vĕr)
Basic procedure used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to open the patient's airway.
Synonym(s): manual airway maneuver, rescue breathing.

breathing

the alternate inspiration and expiration of air into and out of the lungs (see also respiration).

costal breathing
see costal respiration.
intermittent positive-pressure breathing (IPPB)
the active inflation of the lungs during inspiration under positive pressure from a cycling valve.
periodic breathing
rescue breathing
artificial ventilation.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the person remains unresponsive for several minutes or you're in a remote area where the EMS response time may be greater, the oxygen supply in the victim's lungs will have run out, and you may need to perform rescue breathing.
For people who are trained in conventional CPR, rescue breathing should be incorporated with the following new guidelines: give two breaths after 30 compressions, and then repeat the cycle.
Unless you know how to deliver rescue breathing (two quick breaths after each 30 compressions), your goal is to maintain the compressions until help arrives to take your place.
In CPR class, Ruiz and about five other guys are hovering over dummies and plastering their huge hands on resuscitation-training torsos, tilting back the chins and practicing rescue breathing.
Students learn many important skills, such as how to perform rescue breathing and what to do if an infant or child is choking.
During the two-day program, students learn safety precautions, rescue breathing techniques, how to care for a choking infant or child, and how to call for help.
Once we got his mouth open, I started doing rescue breathing.
If opening the airway doesn't cause the person to spontaneously start breathing, you'll have to provide rescue breathing.
Mine rescue breathing apparatus works on the re-breather principle, whereby exhaled air is filtered to remove carbon dioxide, cooled and then oxygen added before being re-breathed again.
She said: "I just had to get some air in, so I did some rescue breathing.
Contract awarded for Rescue breathing and body protection for purchased equipment