reoviruses


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reoviruses

Any of a group of double-stranded RNA viruses which occur in the respiratory and digestive tracts of healthy individuals but which may cause infantile diarrhoea (rotaviruses) and Colorado tick fever (orbiviruses). A part-acronym from ‘Respiratory’, ‘Enteric’, ‘Orphan’.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reoviruses are ubiquitous in nature, infecting plants, animals and insects.
The Duke researchers hypothesized that the binding of normal reoviruses to a host cell's membrane might make that cell more vulnerable to infection by naked, genetically altered reovirus RNA.
To establish the evolutionary relationship of MRV2Tou05 with the known mammalian reoviruses, we constructed phylogenetic trees on the basis of the nucleotide sequences of the S1 and S3 segments (Figure 3).
7) recently described a novel type 3 reovirus isolated from a child with meningitis and provided direct evidence that reoviruses can be neurovirulent in humans.
The S1 segment from reoviruses is highly diverse in size and sequence.
The origin of several genome segments of this reassortant in swine in Asia and the relatedness of other segments to human serotype 2 reoviruses described in Asia are surprising.
The role of reoviruses as etiologic agents for symptomatic human diseases remains controversial.
Serologic grouping of reoviruses by hemagglutination-inhibition.
The recovery rate from paraffin samples is 20% or less for some DNA viruses such as adenoviruses (12); this number should be lower for RNA viruses such as reoviruses, and this may account for the negative reovirus PCR results for 5 of the 6 birds tested.