reoviruses


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reoviruses

Any of a group of double-stranded RNA viruses which occur in the respiratory and digestive tracts of healthy individuals but which may cause infantile diarrhoea (rotaviruses) and Colorado tick fever (orbiviruses). A part-acronym from ‘Respiratory’, ‘Enteric’, ‘Orphan’.
References in periodicals archive ?
The recovery rate from paraffin samples is 20% or less for some DNA viruses such as adenoviruses (12); this number should be lower for RNA viruses such as reoviruses, and this may account for the negative reovirus PCR results for 5 of the 6 birds tested.
Reoviruses are nonenveloped, double-stranded RNA viruses with icosahedral symmetry and three capsid layers.
The Duke researchers hypothesized that the binding of normal reoviruses to a host cell's membrane might make that cell more vulnerable to infection by naked, genetically altered reovirus RNA.
Pathogenicity and antigenic relatedness of several avian reovirus isolates: in vitro and in vivo characterization of avian reoviruses.
42E + 06 Fecal streptococci MPN/100 mL N/A Reoviruses (d) Number isolated 7 Reoviruses MPN/liter 179 Reclaimed Water Percent Facility Pathogen Before Chlorination Reduction North Fork Cryptosporidium 0 N/A Giardia 4 98.
Calgary, Canada; 403-670-7377) has been granted United States Patent 6,344,195, entitled "Reovirus for the Treatment of Neoplasia," which covers the use of human, mammalian, and avian (bird) reoviruses as a treatment for ras-mediated neoplasms (cancers).
Polymorphism of the migration of double-stranded RNA genome segments of avian reoviruses.
This study was supported by the MedReoNet Surveillance Network of Reoviruses, Bluetongue and African Horse Sickness, in the Mediterranean basin and Europe, Sixth Framework Programme.
Mammalian reoviruses, members of the genus Orthoreovirus, are nonenveloped double-stranded RNA viruses with a genome composed of 10 segments.
Members of the genus Orthoreovirus differ in their host reservoir and capability of syncytium formation; most avian orthoreoviruses are fusogenic and fail to agglutinate erythrocytes, unlike the mammalian reoviruses (4).
The performance of the GreeneChip system was initially tested in GreeneChipVr hybridizations that used extracts of cultured cells infected with adenoviruses, alphaviruses, arenaviruses, coronaviruses, enteroviruses, filoviruses, flaviviruses, herpesviruses, orthomyxoviruses, paramyxoviruses, poxviruses, reoviruses, and rhabdoviruses (49 viruses).