renin-angiotensin system


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re·nin-an·gi·o·ten·sin sys·tem

a selective regulator of the aldosterone biosynthetic pathway that acts by increasing aldosterone production and sodium retention as a result of volume depletion, with resulting increased renin production in the kidney and conversion of angiotensin I in the plasma to angiotensin II.

renin-angiotensin system

the regulation of sodium balance, fluid volume, and blood pressure. In response to reduced perfusion, renin is secreted, which hydrolyzes a plasma globulin to release angiotensin I, which is rapidly hydrolyzed to angiotensin II, a powerful vasoconstrictor; angiotension II also stimulates aldosterone secretion, which causes sodium retention, an increase in blood pressure, and restoration of renal perfusion, which shuts off the signal for renin release (negative feedback). Angiotensin-converting enzyme also deactivates bradykinin, a vasodilator. Also called renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.
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Renin-angiotensin system

re·nin-an·gi·o·ten·sin sys·tem

(RAS) (rē'nin-an-jē-ō-tensin sistĕm)
Selective regulator of the aldosterone biosynthetic pathway that acts by increasing aldosterone production and sodium retention due to volume depletion.

renin

a proteolytic enzyme synthesized, stored and secreted by the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney; it plays a role in regulation of blood pressure by catalyzing the conversion of the plasma glycoprotein angiotensinogen to angiotensin I. This, in turn, is converted to angiotensin II by an enzyme that is present in relatively high concentrations in the lung. Angiotensin II is one of the most potent vasoconstrictors known, and also is a powerful stimulus of aldosterone secretion.

renin-angiotensin system
renin, secreted by the juxtaglomerular apparatus, activates the precursor angiotensinogen. This liberates angiotensin I, then angiotensin II, a vasoconstrictor and stimulant to the secretion of aldosterone.
big renin
a relatively inactive protein with a higher molecular weight than normal renin, which is activated after exposure to low pH or to proteolytic enzymes.
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Randomized controlled trial of dual blockade of renin-angiotensin system in patients with hypertension, microalbuminuria, and non-insulin dependent diabetes: the candesartan and lisinopril microalbuminuria (CALM) study.
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1987), and it has been postulated that activation of the renin-angiotensin system may explain the association between alcohol abuse and hypertension in humans (Wigle et al.
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1]R antagonist, indicating that the renin-angiotensin system may play an important role.
The body's powerful renin-angiotensin system regulates blood pressure and salt retention.
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TXA302 is a proprietary analogue of the naturally occurring peptide angiotensin, which is part of an alternative pathway of the renin-angiotensin system.
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) regulates blood pressure and fluid balance in the body, 3 when blood volume or sodium levels in the body are low, RAS produces enzyme Angiotensin II.