renal transplantation


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Related to renal transplantation: Nitrogenous waste

re·nal trans·plan·ta·tion

transplantation of a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney function in a recipient suffering from renal failure.

renal transplantation

Etymology: L, ren, kidney, transplantare
the surgical transfer of a complete kidney from a donor to a recipient.

re·nal trans·plan·ta·tion

(rēnăl trans'plan-tāshŭn)
Surgical transplantation of a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney function in a recipient suffering from renal failure.

renal transplantation

Grafting of a kidney from a living donor or from a cadaver to someone with renal failure. It is used as the definitive form of renal replacement for patients with kidney failure. Tissue typing for human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) as well as ABO blood groups is used to decrease the likelihood of acute or chronic rejection. Family members are often the best-matched donors. In patients with diabetes mellitus, combined renal and pancreatic transplants are sometimes performed with a very high likelihood of success. The high success rate of kidney transplants (85% to 95% at 2 years) is primarily due to immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids, cyclosporine, mycophenolate, and tacrolimus. Because cyclosporine is nephrotoxic, careful monitoring of serum drug levels after transplantation is required. Synonym: kidney transplantationmajor histocompatibility complex; suppressive immunotherapy;
See also: transplantation
References in periodicals archive ?
Retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), according to the technique described by Walsh, has been studied in renal transplant recipients and has been the subject of several publications, including the multicentre Renal Transplantation Committee of French Urological Association study conducted between 1996 and 2007, which compared retropubic prostatectomy between renal transplant recipients (n = 20) and a control group (n = 40).
Ten years of experience with vascular complications in renal transplantation.
Its purpose was to determine and comparison of quality of life in haemodialysis and renal transplantation patients.
Although weight gain is a well-known consequence of renal transplantation, monitoring weight changes and cardiovascular risk factors such as WC, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia are not necessarily routine practice in renal transplant centres.
The concept of using two allografts is not new to renal transplantation.
13) Renal transplantation is often performed successfully in SSc patients, although long-term outcome is not as good as in persons without systemic diseases.
Renal transplantation was made available in Cardiff and Liverpool in the late 1960s and became successful during the 1970s.
End stage renal disease is when body systems are so compromised that critical life systems can only be maintained through dialysis or renal transplantation.
Disseminated Mycobacterium marinum infection after renal transplantation.