renal cortex


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Related to renal cortex: renal pelvis, Renal medulla

cortex

 [kor´teks] (pl. cor´tices) (L.)
the outer layer of an organ or other structure, as distinguished from its inner substance or medulla. adj., adj cor´tical.
adrenal cortex (cortex of adrenal gland) the outer, firm layer comprising the larger part of the adrenal gland; it secretes mineralocorticoids, androgens, and glucocorticoids.
cerebellar cortex the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebral cortex (cortex cerebra´lis) the convoluted layer of gray matter covering each cerebral hemisphere. See also brain.
renal cortex the granular outer layer of the kidney, composed mainly of glomeruli and convoluted tubules, extending in columns between the pyramids that constitute the renal medulla.
striate cortex part of the occipital lobe that receives the fibers of the optic radiation and serves as the primary receiving area for vision. Called also first visual area.
visual cortex the area of the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex concerned with vision; the striate cortex is also called the first visual area, and the adjacent second and third visual areas serve as its association areas.

re·nal cor·tex

[TA]
the part of the kidney consisting of renal lobules in the outer zone beneath the capsule and the lobules of the renal columns that are extensions inward between the pyramids; contains the renal corpuscles, medullary rays, and proximal and distal convoluted tubules.
Synonym(s): cortex renalis [TA]

renal cortex

the highly vascularized granular outer layer of the kidney, containing approximately 1.25 million glomeruli and convoluted tubules, which filter body wastes from the blood, reclaim useful materials, and dispose of the remainder as urine.

re·nal cor·tex

(rē'năl kōr'teks) [TA]
The part of the kidney consisting of renal lobules in the outer zone beneath the capsule and the lobules of the renal columns that are extensions inward between the pyramids; contains the renal corpuscles and the proximal and distal convoluted tubules.

cortex

pl. cortices [L.] an outer layer, as the bark of the trunk or root of a tree, or the outer layer of an organ or other structure, as distinguished from its inner substance.

adrenal cortex
the outer, firm layer comprising the larger part of the adrenal gland; it secretes a number of hormones. See corticosteroid, aldosterone, mineralocorticoid, glucocorticoid.
cerebellar cortex
the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebral cortex, cortex cerebri
the convoluted layer of gray matter covering each cerebral hemisphere. See also cerebral cortex.
renal cortex
the smooth-textured outer layer of the kidney, composed mainly of renal corpuscles and convoluted tubules, extending in columns between the pyramids.
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 4C and D show the immunoblotting for angiotensin II in the renal cortex of normotensive and control hypertensive animals and animals treated with CsA.
As expected, protein expression (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)) and activity (Figure 1(c)) of SIRT1 in the renal cortex decreased after HS/R in the vehicle group compared with that in the control group.
Oxidative stress and gene expression of antioxidant enzymes in the renal cortex of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.
With regard to the tubulointerstitial region, the presence of inflammatory infiltrate and fibrosis was observed, with mild intensity, in the outer renal cortex of the animals that received the toxin (G6) (Figure 6B).
In some areas of renal cortex we observed focal necrosis of glomeruluses.
The renal sympathetic nerves enter the hilum of the kidney with the renal artery and the renal vein and thereafter are distributed along the renal arterial segments in the renal cortex and outer medulla (5-8).
Contrast causes damage by impairing blood flow to the renal cortex and medulla.
Percutaneous renal specimens were originally considered too small, but studies found as long as renal cortex with at least five glomeruli was present in the needle specimens, there was sufficient correlation both as to the type and severity of the lesions (Pirani, 1996).
If diclofenac removes a modulating effect of prostaglandins on the renal portal valves, indiscriminant activation of these valves would redirect the primary nutrient blood supply away from the renal cortex.
There was also evidence of mild interstitial inflammation and edema in both the renal cortex and outer medulla, and some glomeruli exhibited thickening of the basement membrane.