renal colic


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colic

 [kol´ik]
acute paroxysmal abdominal pain. It is particularly common during the first three months of life; the infant has paroxysmal, unexplained crying and may pull up arms and legs, turn red-faced, and expel gas from the anus or belch it up from the stomach. The exact cause of infantile colic is not known but several factors may contribute to it, including excessive swallowing of air, too rapid feeding or overfeeding, parental anxiety, allergy to milk, or other feeding problems. It generally occurs at the same time of day, usually at the busiest period. The parents need sympathetic support and assurance that the condition is not serious and most infants gain weight and are healthy in spite of the colic.
biliary colic colic due to passage of gallstones along the bile duct.
gastric colic gastrodynia.
lead colic colic due to lead poisoning.
menstrual colic dysmenorrhea.
renal colic intermittent, acute pain beginning in the kidney region and radiating forward and down to the abdomen, genitalia, and legs; the usual cause is calculi in a kidney or ureter. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diaphoresis, and a desire to urinate frequently.

re·nal col·ic

severe colicky pain caused by the impaction or passage of a calculus in the ureter or renal pelvis.

renal colic

sharp, severe pain in the lower back over the kidney, radiating forward into the groin. Renal colic usually accompanies forcible dilation of a ureter, followed by spasm as a stone is lodged or passed through it. See also urinary calculus.

renal colic

Nephrology A colicky pain typical of Pts passing kidney stones

re·nal col·ic

(rē'năl kol'ik)
Sharp pain in the lower back that radiates down the flank and into the groin; associated with the passage of a renal calculus through the ureter as it dilates the ureter, causing ureteral spasms as the calculus is forced along the narrow tube; usually of sudden onset, severe and colicky (intermittent), and not improved by changes in position. Nausea and vomiting are common.

renal colic

Severe, periodic pain in the loin usually caused by the spasmodic muscular efforts of the tube from the kidney to the bladder (the ureter) to force an obstructing body, such as a kidney stone (calculus), downwards. Renal colic may also be caused by blood clots in the ureter.

re·nal col·ic

(rē'năl kol'ik)
Severe colicky pain caused by impaction or passage of dental calculus in the ureter or renal pelvis.

colic

1. pertaining to the colon.
2. a syndrome caused by severe paroxysmal pain due to disease of an abdominal organ. Usually due to alimentary tract disease, and rarely to infection or calculus in the urinary tract involving the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder or urethra.

bovine colic
is characterized mainly by recurrent bouts of downwards arching of the back, restless walking, looking at the flank, lying down, rolling, and getting up again. Colic is evident for a few hours only and is followed by spontaneous recovery in most cases. These cases are probably caused by intestinal spasm.
The next most common cause is intestinal obstruction by phytobezoar, volvulus, strangulation (2), or intussusception. In these the colic disappears but no feces are passed for some days. Rectal examination reveals scant, pasty gray or blood-stained feces, and possibly the presence of distended loops of intestine. Enterotomy or enterectomy is essential for survival. Rare cases also occur due to renal infarction or to ureteric obstruction.
colon impaction colic
impaction of the colon on a diet high in tough fiber is common in horses and pigs. There is mild abdominal pain and hard fecal masses are passed. See also meconium ileus, impaction colic (below).
equine colic
most cases are due to intestinal disease. Characteristic signs are bouts of pain marked by pawing, looking at the flank, lying down and getting up restlessly, rolling; the gut sounds are either absent or excessive. Mild cases recover spontaneously or after medical treatment for gut spasm or impaction with dry feed. Life-threatened cases have shock, circulatory collapse and usually positive findings on abdominal paracentesis. Surgery is often obligatory. Acute colic is also an important part of the syndrome in acute enteritis and colitis in which diarrhea is a paramount sign. Peritonitis is usually manifested as subacute colic.
flatulent colic
of horses is due to gas accumulation in the large intestine when grazing on lush pasture. There is severe pain, obvious distention of the abdomen, and the rectum is obstructed by distended loops of bowel. Sporadic cases occur as a result of partial obstruction of the intestine by fibrous adhesions. Trocarization through the flank or rectum is often necessary. Called also tympanitic colic. Previously called intestinal meteorismus.
gastric dilatation colic
of horses due to gastric dilatation is a severe acute disease due to gorging on hay or grain, especially immediately after racing, or due to lipoma causing strangulation at the pylorus. Regurgitation through the nostrils or the discharge of large quantities of fluid gastric contents through a nasal tube is a frequent sign. Death is common as a result of gastric rupture.
impaction colic
in horses is due to dry or indigestible feed, or bad teeth, or in foals by the retention of meconium. Subacute pain bouts occur at long intervals and over several days; death in untreated cases is due to exhaustion. Effective treatment is large oral doses of mineral oil (paraffin) administered by nasal tube. See also colon impaction colic (above).
intestinal obstruction colic
in horses is caused by intestinal obstruction consisting mostly of acute life-threatening cases due to intussusception, strangulation or volvulus, usually affecting the small intestine, although sometimes it is the cecum or colon. Typical signs are shock, absence of gut sounds, very severe pain, short course, positive findings of blood-stained fluid on paracentesis, distended loops of gut on rectal examination and death due to shock and dehydration unless the blockage is relieved by surgery.
Less severe cases are caused by impaction of the ileocecal valve by undigested fine fiber or grain, by sand accumulation, obstruction by phytobezoars, enteroliths or linear foreign bodies, usually in the small colon. See also under enterolith, phytobezoar, linear foreign body, volvulus, intussusception, strangulation.
lead colic
colic due to lead poisoning.
recurrent colic
equine colic that recurs at intervals of weeks or months. Due usually to repeated dietary indiscretions or to a persisting defect, e.g. bad teeth, verminous aneurysm.
renal colic
intermittent and acute pain usually resulting from the presence of one or more calculi in the kidney or ureter.
sand colic
is caused by the ingestion of soil or sand and can be an acute syndrome due to ileocecal valve impaction or chronic mild pain with diarrhea for a period of months.
spasmodic colic
this form of colic in horses is often due to excitement. Bouts of sharp pain are accompanied by loud, frequent gut sounds, and spontaneous recovery is usual within an hour. Occasional cases develop volvulus during bouts of rolling.
thromboembolic colic
is caused by infarction of a section of gut wall or by stimulation by migrating strongyle larvae and may appear as intermittent spasmodic colic or subacute colic for a number of days followed by development of peritonitis. See also strongylosis.
tympanitic colic
see flatulent colic.
References in periodicals archive ?
The initial diagnostic test for renal colic in pregnancy is usually ultrasound.
We have found that majority of the patients suffering from renal colic during this time is labourers or outdoor workers, who might not be having knowledge of this problem before hand.
Bhat, GP at the ER in the NMC Specialty Hospital, sees approximately 15 cases of renal colic a day during Ramadan.
Mr Gray was suffering pain caused by renal colic and kidney stones.
Medical therapy prevents recurrence, is efficacious, avoids renal colic, reduces the need for surgery, may correct extra-renal manifestations of systemic disease, and is cost effective.
5% of patients older than 65 years who were referred for renal colic imaging were diagnosed with aortic dissection, but that study has never been replicated, Dr.
She called the out-of-hours service when suffering severe pain from renal colic and took painkillers belonging to her daughter when they didn't call back.
His past medical history included several bouts of renal colic due to uric acid nephrolithiasis.
She said Dr Becker, also of Mill Road, had diagnosed renal colic from a kidney stone.
4, 5) Moreover, peri-renal edema and tissue stranding were reported in up to 65% of renal colic imagings due to obstructing stones.