relativism

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Related to relativist: Cultural relativist, Moral relativist

relativism

 [rel´ah-tiv″izm]
a philosophical system that considers truth to be dependent on individual persons, cultural contexts, times, or places.
cultural relativism the understanding of distinct cultures and lifestyles within the context of each culture; the behaviors of a cultural group are evaluated in the context of that specific culture, from an impartial perspective, rather than according to the standards of some other culture.

relativism

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For Smith objectivists are almost always wrong or fighting a losing battle, whereas relativists or postmodernists are in essence always right, leading to genuine progress.
Finally, in reading the essays therein, one gradually forms an impression that they are indeed all contributing to the shape of a particular philosophical view, and yet it is a view which continually resists neat labeling as realist, relativist, positivist, or even naturalist.
This is an account of the recent manoeuvres in Laudan's continuing defence of scientific rationality against the onslaught of the relativists.
Critical authors with a more relativist theoretical persuasion might argue that maybe the Nage do not have a covert taxon of 'mammal'.
They are drawing opposite conclusions from a common misconception of the "autonomy" of science: the Heteronomist throwing out the child with the bath-water, the Relativist bathing no child at all in spite of a vast expense of soap and perfume.
I do not totally agree with her readings of Borges either, as she tends to emphasize futility and despair in his stories, nor do I agree with the radical relativist definition of the postmodern turn.
This issue is one consistent with critics of cultural relativism, who charge that the relativist acceptance of differences in cultures involves an acceptance of all cultures, where every culture is perceived as legitimate.
Indeed, "progressives" are a caricature of themselves, fully given over to pseudo-utopian, relativist ideals that remain ludicrous--hopelessly unattainable--by any objective standard.
In response to human right law's self- proclaimed Universality and Neutrality, two major critiques have been developed which deny the truth of this assumption, namely Feminist and Cultural relativist.
Kuhn was not a relativist but did think that old ideas about truth were defunct.
For the relativist, however, there is only tolerance.
Sandmo achieves his goal of providing a relativist perspective of Adam Smith by presenting a biographical sketch of his life, placing him in the context of his times, and highlighting his critical view of mercantilism.