reinforcer


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reinforcer

 [re″in-for´ser]
anything that produces reinforcement, whether positive to desirable events, or negative to undesirable events which are reinforced in their removal.

re·in·forc·er

, positive reinforcernegative reinforcer (rē'in-fōrs'ĕr),
In conditioning, a pleasant or satisfaction-yielding (positive reinforcer) or painful or unsatisfying (negative reinforcer), stimulus, object, or stimulus event that is obtained on the performance of a desired or predetermined operant.
See also: reinforcement (3).
Synonym(s): reward

reinforcer

/re·in·forc·er/ (-in-for´ser) any stimulus that produces reinforcement, a positive r. being a desirable event strengthening responses preceding its occurrence and a negative r. being an undesirable event strengthening responses leading to its termination.

reinforcer

(rē′ĭn-fôr′sər)
n. Psychology
A stimulus, such as a reward, the removal of an unpleasant event, or a punishment, that in operant conditioning maintains or strengthens a desired response.

reinforcer

[rē′infôr′sər]
(in psychology) a consequence that increases the probability that an operant will recur.

re·in·for·cer

, positive reinforcer , negative reinforcer (rē'in-fōrs'ĕr, pozi-tiv, negă-tiv)
In conditioning, a pleasant or satisfaction-yielding (positive reinforcer) or painful or unsatisfying (negative reinforcer) stimulus, object, or stimulus event that is obtained upon the performance of a desired or predetermined operant.
See also: reinforcement (3)
Synonym(s): reward.

reinforcer

the stimulus that provides reinforcement.

second-order reinforcer
a conditioned reinforcer; a neutral stimulus is paired with a natural reinforcer thereby acquiring reinforcing properties.
References in periodicals archive ?
In conditions 1 to 4 the reinforcer rate was manipulated in the second VI component, and in conditions 5 to 8 reinforcer rate was manipulated the first VI component.
The dependent variable was the amount of time (seconds) waited for reinforcer gratification during each session.
They often result in multiple items being identified as potential reinforcers, when in practice not all of the items identified as preferred served as reinforcers when assessed via a direct reinforcer assessment.
5 seconds, an electronically generated sound cue imbedded into the audio track signified the presentation of the reinforcer (i.
This new type of learning, identified as the acquisition of conditioned reinforcers by observation, can be defined as the acquisition of reinforcing properties of previously neutral stimuli as a function of observation (Greer et al.
Podlesnik, Bai, and Elliffe (2012) confirmed this finding in a similar paradigm with pigeons and also found that target behavior recurred at a substantial rate when all reinforcement was discontinued (relapse), suggesting some residual strengthening effect of alternative reinforcers on target behavior.
Peter (2014) equated the reinforcer intervals between the second (alternative reinforcement) phase and the third (resurgence test) phase.
An experiment performed by Bowman, Piazza, Fisher, Hagopian, and Kogan (1997) with 7 children who had been diagnosed with moderate to profound mental retardation, shows that preference for varied (versus constant) reinforcers could be established even when the quality of the varied reinforcers is lower than the constant reinforcer (although 2 participants preferred the constant, higher quality reinforcer, and one showed no systematic preference for either option).
Students were cued to the availability of a reinforcer the same as during Phase 1.
The music condition began with 30 seconds of loud (that is, slightly above conversational level) music followed by the reinforcer assessment conducted concurrently with low background music, and ended with 30 seconds of loud music.