Tantrumming, These types of behavior Drash and Tudor nonresponsivity, interfere with the (1993) "by noncompliance acquisition of further preventing the behavioral repertoires occurrence of because the person does not reinforceable
attend to the instructional verbal behaviors, stimuli or emit responses disruptive that could then be behavior is a reinforced or corrected.
After failing to derive equivalence from something more basic, Sidman concludes that equivalence relations emerge from conditional discriminations for the same reason our behavior is reinforceable
, and for the same reason our behavior is controllable by discriminative and conditional stimuli: because contingencies of survival have made us that way over the course of phylogenic evolution.
Nevertheless, topographic variability has, in a number of studies, been shown to be a reinforceable
dimension of behavior (Machado, 1989; Page & Neuringer, 1985; Pryor, Haag, & O'Reilly, 1969).