All approaches to supported employment have incorporated training and supervision by an externally imposed rehabilitation support staff and, until recently, the social integration factors of these models and strategies had not been challenged or assessed.
Traditionally, vocational rehabilitation programs developed levels of programming, systems or strategies for provision of services which were open ended in principle (Nisbet & Hagner, 1988) although these services were classified into a continuum from which little deviation occurred.
Baccalaureate-level rehabilitation majors can be found in virtually any type of agency or program that provides services to people.
Because their specialty is working with people, rehabilitation majors are qualified for the same types of employment as graduate of psychology, social work, sociology, and similar programs.
There is a growing understanding of the importance of consumer choice in vocational rehabilitation.
Another new trend in vocational service delivery is the involvement of families in partnership roles in rehabilitation efforts.
Thus a change in the rate of acceptance for a particular subgroup will have no mathematical impact on the rate of rehabilitation or the competitive employment rate for that subgroup.
Changes in inflation-adjusted total expenditures for vocational rehabilitation during the period 1977-1984 are displayed in Figure 1.
Szymanski, Parker, and Butler (1990) demonstrated that variables normally used to measure rehabilitation counselor performance (e.
Abrams and Tucker (1989) used rehabilitation rate, which was the ratio of number of Status 26 closures to the sum of the numbers of Status 26, 28, and 30 closures (i.
Despite clarification and reassurance of eligibility by Federal adminsitrators, State employed rehabilitation counselors have served far fewer persons with cancer than might be expected (U.
In 1985, 339,688 disabled people in the VR program were closed following rehabilitation services.