recurrent laryngeal nerve


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re·cur·rent la·ryn·ge·al nerve

[TA]
a branch of the vagus nerve curving upward, on the right side around the root of the subclavian artery, on the left side around the arch of the aorta, then passing superiorly, posterior to the common carotid artery between the trachea and the esophagus to the larynx; it supplies cardiac, tracheal, and esophageal branches and terminates as the inferior laryngeal nerve.

re·cur·rent la·ryn·ge·al nerve

(rĕ-kŭr'ĕnt lă-rin'jē-ăl nĕrv) [TA]
A branch of the vagus nerve curving upward, on the right side around the root of the subclavian artery, on the left side around the arch of the aorta, then passing superiorly, posterior to the common carotid artery between the trachea and the esophagus to the larynx; it supplies cardiac, tracheal, and esophageal branches and terminates as the inferior laryngeal nerve.

recurrent laryngeal nerve

a branch of the vagus nerve in mammals which loops round the DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS and then goes forward along the trachea. Its peculiar route results from evolutionary lengthening of the neck.

Recurrent laryngeal nerve

One of two offshoots of the vagus nerve that connect to the larynx. It is located below the larynx.
References in periodicals archive ?
Professor Henning Dralle Receives Prestigious Award for "Intraoperative Monitoring of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve in Thyroid Surgery"
The left vagus nerve gives rise to the left recurrent laryngeal nerve as the vagus nerve descends just lateral and anterior to the arch of the aorta.
Missing denture as a cause of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy.
In addition to each patient's age at presentation and sex, information was collected on 8 possible predictive factors for respiratory complications: (1) the duration of the goiter, (2) the preoperative status of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, (3) the presence or absence of tracheal narrowing or deviation, (4) the presence or absence of retrosternal extension, (5) the ease or difficulty of endotracheal intubation, (6) the presence or absence of thyroid cancer, (7) the presence or absence of giant goiter, and (8) whether or not the goiter represented a recurrence.
At the time of surgery, an endotracheal tube with incorporated electrodes or a recurrent laryngeal nerve surface electrode plate is placed.
A significant number of articles has been published on electrophysiologic monitoring of (1) the facial nerve during otologic and parotid surgery and (2) the recurrent laryngeal nerve during thyroid and parathyroid surgery.
4) In these locations, the nerve of origin is likely to be the recurrent laryngeal nerve or the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve.
In contrast, our patient presented with dysphagia, as well as hoarseness, which was caused by vocal fold paralysis as a result of compression of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and was confirmed by diagnostic imaging.
One much debated, Occam's-razor-be-damned counterexample: there's no godly reason why the left recurrent laryngeal nerve (LRLN), which keeps us all from sounding like a whispering Minnie Mouse, has to lasso the heart on its way from the brain to the larynx, a detour the equivalent of driving from Louisville to St.
The recurrent laryngeal nerve (important for respiration) the superior laryngeal nerve (for voice) and parathyroids (for calcium metabolism) with their blood supply can thus be preserved.
7) This patient's clinical presentation of hoarseness of voice was caused by paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve due to compression of the nerve by the large saccular aneurysm arising from the aortic arch.
Other postoperative complications were cardiac dysrhythmias (n = 2), recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis (n = 2), anastomotic leak that was treated medically (n = 2), thoracic empyema (n = 1), and chylothorax (n = 1; Table 1).

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