rectosigmoidectomy


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rectosigmoidectomy

 [rek″to-sig″moi-dek´tah-me]
excision of the rectosigmoid colon; proctosigmoidectomy.

rectosigmoidectomy

/rec·to·sig·moi·dec·to·my/ (-sig″moi-dek´tah-me) excision of the rectosigmoid.

rectosigmoidectomy

(rĕk″tō-sĭg″moy-dĕk′tō-mē) [″ + ″ + ektome, excision]
Surgical removal of the rectum and sigmoid colon.
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In one Cleveland Clinic Florida series of 84 patients with severe fecal incontinence and rectal prolapse treated over a 7-year period, those who were treated with both had significantly lower recurrence rates and decreased incontinence scores, compared with those who underwent only perineal rectosigmoidectomy, Dr.
The recurrence rate there for all perineal procedures is about 13%, compared with 5% for perineal rectosigmoidectomy with levatorplasty, and the recurrence-free interval was longer in this group of patients, he added.
Rectosigmoidectomy plus levatoroplasty is therefore the operation of choice when the perineal approach is selected for the treatment of rectal prolapse, as is common in frail elderly patients with multiple medical problems.