rectal temperature


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rectal temperature

Etymology: L, rectus, straight, temperatura
body temperature as measured by a clinical thermometer placed in the rectum. Rectal temperatures average 0.5° F to 0.75° F (0.3° C to 0.4° C) higher than oral temperatures.

rectal temperature

The temperature obtained by inserting a thermometer into the anal canal to a depth of at least 112 in (3.8 cm) and holding it in place for 3 to 5 min or, for electronic thermometers, according to the manufacturer's directions. This method should not be used following a rectal operation or if the rectum is diseased. A rectal temperature is more accurate than either oral or axillary temperatures. It averages about 1°F (0.56°C) higher than the oral temperature and approx. 1.5°F (0.84°C) higher than the axillary temperature.
See: Temperature :Rectal
See also: temperature

rectal

pertaining to the rectum.

rectal examination
digital (in small animals) or manual examination of the visceral contents of the posterior abdomen for the purposes of diagnosis, in cattle and horses especially of pregnancy. See also rectum, proctoscopy.
rectal fistula
see rectovaginal fistula.
rectal impaction
see fecal impaction.
rectal inflammation
rectal massage
massage of the accessory sex glands, a method of semen collection in dogs.
rectal paralysis
occurs especially in cows and mares in late pregnancy. No feces are passed and the rectum is distended with feces, and there is no peristalsis during their manual removal. Dogs may show posterior paresis.
rectal polyp
see colorectal polyp.
rectal probe
used in pregnancy diagnosis in ewes and in electroejaculation.
rectal rupture
the wall is perforated into the peritoneal cavity. Death occurs quickly as a result of endotoxic shock because of the absorption of enteric toxins through the peritoneum.
rectal stricture
stenosis of the rectum occurs in dogs, presumably resulting from trauma and anorectal disease, and in pigs following local ulceration caused by infection with Salmonella spp. Abnormal abdominal distention, small diameter feces and straining result.
rectal tear
most common in mares in association with manual rectal examinations. The mucosa is damaged but the wall is not ruptured. Leads to perirectal abscessation and subsequent peritonitis.
rectal temperature
see rectal temperature.

temperature

the degree of sensible heat or cold, expressed in terms of a specific scale. See also hypothermia, hyperthermia.

absolute temperature
that reckoned from absolute zero (−459.67°F or −273.15°C).
air temperature
the temperature of the surrounding air as measured by a dry-bulb thermometer.
ambient temperature
temperature of the immediate environment.
body temperature
a prime technique for assessing health status of a patient. Always a rectal temperature. Average temperatures above which hyperthermia, pyrexia or fever can be said to occur are listed under pyrexia.
critical temperature
1. that below which a gas may be converted to a liquid by pressure.
2. the environmental temperature at which the body is unable to maintain a constant body temperature and at which heat production must be increased (cold temperatures) or at which heat loss must be increased (high temperatures).
effective temperature
the combination of air temperature, humidity and wind speed. See also temperateness index.
environmental temperature
air temperature.
nonpermissive temperature
one at which a conditional gene mutation is nonfunctional. See also temperature-sensitive mutation.
normal body temperature
that usually registered by a healthy animal. See pyrexia.
permissive temperature
one at which a conditional gene mutation can express its normal function. See also temperature-sensitive mutation.
premortal temperature fall
the sudden fall in body temperature of a previously fevered animal just before death.
rectal temperature
the body temperature as measured by a rectal thermometer which has been in situ and in contact with the mucosa of the rectum with the anal sphincter tightly closed for at least 30 seconds. Alternative equipment is a dipolar electrode in a rectal probe.
temperature stress
exposure to excessively high or low environmental temperature.
windchill temperature
a combination of wind velocity and air temperature. See also effective temperature (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Differences in growth performance and rectal temperatures, by dietary treatment and month, were analyzed using a two-way ANOVA.
Table 4: Effect of different drugs on rectal temperature in baker's yeast-induced pyrexia model in rats Rectal temperature in [degrees]C at time (h) Group -4 h 0 h 3 h Control (normal 37.
In this study, the rectal temperatures could be kept in the targeted narrow range by each of the cooling methods, but it was found that excessive cooling occurred with a higher rate in the beginning and the rectal temperature variability occurred with a higher rate with manually controlled methods compared to autoregulatory methods.
01) deviated from this debacle and clearly maintained normal rectal temperature until 5 and 6 days post-inoculation.
The rectal temperature and respiration rate values in both the groups were similar before injecting anaesthetic.
5-7) Considering this model, it is possible that changes in core versus rectal temperature may differ between dogs in different states of conditioning, and between environmental extremes of heat, humidity, and extreme cold or altitude.
Key Words: Hypothermia, Correlation, Axillary temperature, rectal temperature.
Group II (Endogenous hyperthermia group with rectal temperature of 41[degrees]C; n = 6) was exposed to internal hyperthermia by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).
Rectal temperatures were measured with indwelling rectal thermostats and recorded before injection and 4 hr after pyrogen administration.
Immediately following blood sampling, individual rectal temperature was recorded using a digital thermometer.
Newborns assigned to the usual care group were nursed in an incubator with the heat element turned on and set to maintain a rectal temperature of 37[degrees]C.
During the study period, participating patients at the Emergency Department had their temperature measured by the ITDS and then by routine oral or rectal temperature measurements taken in the triage area of the Emergency Department.