Contradicting the FM position were many mental health professionals convinced of the reality of repression and recovered memory
(Courtois, 1999; Freyd, 1996; Reisner, 1998; Terr, 1994: Whitfield, 1995).
It is in this context, where fantasy is seen as taking part in the multifaceted landscape of traumatic history, that the issue of incest and recovered memory
is most effectively argued from a feminist point of view Thus, my departure from the terrain of incest and detour through the catastrophic histories and representations of World War II are a deliberate attempt to shift the focus from what I see as an unproductive debate on whether incest exists to a more productive inquiry into its residual effects on memory and representation in the present.
Conversely, if it was widely held that recovered repressed memories were invariably accurate, or that a therapist can easily determine whether a recovered memory
is true or false, then a wrongly accused party might suffer severe criminal and/or civil penalties many years after the alleged offense.
Thomas Bowman's defence team questioned not so much the recovered memory
evidence' they alleged that the neck organs at the crux of the strangulation evidence could not in fact be proved to be Mary Bowman's.
The majority of accusers in recovered memory
cases were women, and the average age was 33 years, Dr.
Imposing a duty in the recovered memory
context, the court pointed out, would require the therapist to choose between believing the patient or the alleged abuser.
Something like alien abduction, which is a form of recovered memory
, is similar to apocalyptic beliefs historians describe around the year 1000.
In her wickedly unfair telling, the entire recovered memory
movement emerges as a sort of Monty Python skit, with central figures almost too wacky for comedy.
False Memory Syndrome was first identified in the early 1990s in the US as a damaging side effect of a psychological treatment called Recovered Memory
But a key element of Recovered Memory
Therapy was alienation from friends and family, so it was hard to discredit any allegations.
Therapists who conduct recovered memory
therapy have a duty to inform their patients that the results of this technique are uncertain and that it also carries the risk of implanting false memories, according to Dr.
Most obviously, Stocks neglected to mention the main protagonists in the recovered memory
or false memory debate: Peter and Pamela Freyd and their daughter, Jennifer Freyd.