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contraction in a muscle is accompanied by a loss of tone or by relaxation in the antagonistic muscle.
Synonym(s): reciprocal inhibition (1)
the theory in behavior therapy that, if an anxiety-producing stimulus occurs simultaneously with a response that diminishes anxiety, the stimulus may cause less anxiety. For example, deep chest or abdominal breathing and relaxation of the deep muscles appear to diminish anxiety and pain in childbirth. See also systemic desensitization.
reciprocal inhibition(1) Reciprocal innervation, see there.
(2) Systematic desensitisation, see there.
reciprocal inhibitionPsychiatry In behavior therapy, the hypothesis that if anxiety-provoking stimuli occur simultaneously with inhibition of anxiety–ie, relaxation, the link between the stimulus and the anxiety is weakened
re·cip·ro·cal in·hi·bi·tion(rĕ-sip'rŏ-kăl in'hi-bish'ŭn)
The relaxation of a muscle in response to the contraction of its antagonist.
reciprocal inhibitioninhibition of spinal cord motor neurons innervating muscles whose contraction would oppose an initiated movement, e.g. when flexing the elbow to lift a weight, the elbow extensors are relaxed. Term introduced in the 1890s by Charles Sherrington (British neurophysiologist and Nobel prize winner) and later known as Sherrington's law.
reciprocal inhibition (rē·siˑ·pr·kl inˈ·h·biˑ·shn),
n muscle energy technique (MET) used to remedy joint and muscle dysfunction. This technique is used when the agonist muscles in need of stretching have experienced trauma or are other-wise painful when contracted. The stronger, antagonist muscles are manipulated instead to create a give-and-take toning effect in both the groups.