reciprocal inhibition


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re·cip·ro·cal in·ner·va·tion

contraction in a muscle is accompanied by a loss of tone or by relaxation in the antagonistic muscle.
Synonym(s): reciprocal inhibition (1)

reciprocal inhibition

the theory in behavior therapy that, if an anxiety-producing stimulus occurs simultaneously with a response that diminishes anxiety, the stimulus may cause less anxiety. For example, deep chest or abdominal breathing and relaxation of the deep muscles appear to diminish anxiety and pain in childbirth. See also systemic desensitization.

reciprocal inhibition

(1) Reciprocal innervation, see there. 
(2) Systematic desensitisation, see there.

reciprocal inhibition

Psychiatry In behavior therapy, the hypothesis that if anxiety-provoking stimuli occur simultaneously with inhibition of anxiety–ie, relaxation, the link between the stimulus and the anxiety is weakened

re·cip·ro·cal in·hi·bi·tion

(rĕ-sip'rŏ-kăl in'hi-bish'ŭn)
The relaxation of a muscle in response to the contraction of its antagonist.

reciprocal inhibition

inhibition of spinal cord motor neurons innervating muscles whose contraction would oppose an initiated movement, e.g. when flexing the elbow to lift a weight, the elbow extensors are relaxed. Term introduced in the 1890s by Charles Sherrington (British neurophysiologist and Nobel prize winner) and later known as Sherrington's law.

reciprocal inhibition (rē·siˑ·pr·kl inˈ·h·biˑ·shn),

n muscle energy technique (MET) used to remedy joint and muscle dysfunction. This technique is used when the agonist muscles in need of stretching have experienced trauma or are other-wise painful when contracted. The stronger, antagonist muscles are manipulated instead to create a give-and-take toning effect in both the groups.
References in periodicals archive ?
As relaxation and reciprocal inhibition reduce some of the problems, the next step is systematic desensitization.
As further assistance for the patient, the addition of reciprocal inhibition is integrated into the strategy.
This type of reciprocal inhibition of the unpleasant or troubling thoughts or behavior, coupled with a competing new pleasant set of thoughts, has been shown to be effective and long-lasting.
For those who find the screen technique not to their liking, I suggest the blue-sky method, in which they visualize a clear blue sky projecting the same concepts, moving from the left to the right in that sky, using the same reciprocal inhibition techniques.
Joseph Wolpe, combined with in vitro flooding and reciprocal inhibition.
In the action phase, I continue to believe that systematic desensitization, guided imagery, and reciprocal inhibition are very effective when used in vitro [CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY NEWS, "Conquering Phobias," May 2004, p.

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