ERBB2

(redirected from receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2)

ERBB2

A gene on chromosome 17q11.2-q12 that encodes a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of receptor tyrosine kinases. ERBB2 has no ligand-binding domain and thus cannot bind growth factors; it does, however, bind to other ligand-bound EGF receptor family members, forming a heterodimer, stabilising ligand binding and enhancing kinase-mediated activation of downstream signalling pathways (e.g., those involving mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase).

Molecular pathology
ERBB2 amplification and overexpression commonly occurs in breast and ovarian cancers.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers whittled the field of potential biomarkers down to eight: prolactin, transthyretin, thrombospondin-1, E-selectin, C-C motif chemokine 5, macrophage migration inhibitory factor, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, and receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2.

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