reading disability


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Related to reading disability: dyslexia, reading disorder

reading disability

Reading disorder Neurology A difficulty in learning to read despite normal IQ and opportunity to learn with competent instruction, in absence of general health problems, emotional disturbances or sensory defects. See Dyslexia.

disability

(dis?a-bil'it-e) [ ¹dis- + ability]
Any physical, mental, or functional impairment that limits a major activity. It may be partial or complete. The definition of disability is controversial. To some experts it refers to any restriction or inability to perform socially defined roles or tasks that are expected of an individual in specific social contexts. Another concept of disability is that it is any restriction or lack of ability to perform tasks or roles in the manner previously considered normal for an individual. Contemporary views of disability recognize that characteristics of the environment interact with an individual’s abilities to determine functional performance. In this view, the presence of disability is not entirely determined by bodily function or impairment. Synonym: activity limitation; functional limitation See: death for table; handicap

developmental disability

A disability due to congenital abnormality, trauma, deprivation, or disease that interrupts or delays the sequence and rate of normal growth, development, and maturation.

excess disability

The discrepancy that exists when a person's functional limitations are greater than those warranted by the objective degree of impairment. Often excess disability is created by attitudes and policies that create barriers to a disabled person's full participation.

learning disability

Any of several disorders characterized by difficulty in reading, writing, or mathematics that is two standard deviations below the norm for a person of otherwise normal intelligence. The condition may become apparent at an early age but usually is not recognized until the child begins formal education in school. The frequency of this condition in boys is five times that in girls. About 5% of children in school use special educational services because of learning disorders. Synonym: academic skills disorder; learning disorder

nonverbal learning disability

Any cognitive or mood disorder that is first noticed in school-aged children in which language use is preserved, but other abilities (e.g., in affect, computation, or drawing) are adversely affected.

reading disability

Dyslexia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The main aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of audio-recording method on reading disability.
The Association of Reading Disability, Behavioral Disorders, and Language Impairment among Second-grade Children.
Reading disability defined as a discrepancy between listening and reading comprehension: A longitudinal study of stability, gender differences and prevalence.
Although it is clear that students with certain types of disabilities such as a reading disability are less intimidating to pre-service teachers than are students with other types of disabilities (behavior disorders, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy), the pre-service teachers in this study still had more positive perceptions of the four disability categories surveyed overall at the end of the 15 week human diversity course.
Question 9 asked if this person had difficulty seeing the words and letters in ordinary newspaper print as the result of a visual, physical, or reading disability.
DNA alterations specific to reading disability appeared only in DCDC2.
With the help of specialized laser printers that accommodate large print, Braille translation software and TextAloud software that provides one-step production of MP3 audio files, students that are blind, visually impaired or have a reading disability have additional resources at their disposal.
That might include non-pharmacologic interventions, such as providing resource room time with a reading specialist if a reading disability is determined and giving the child strategies aimed at reducing distraction and decreasing hyperactivity.
But 3m people in the UK who are blind, partially sighted, or have a reading disability, such as dyslexia, have no reason to-celebrate.