Instead, the purpose of most paradoxical interventions is to bypass the resistance and reactance
rather than address it directly.
Responses to Uncontrollable Outcomes: An Integration of the Reactance
Theory and the Learned Helplessness Model.
It was hypothesized that perceived loss of freedom through tax obligations would result in reactance
, that is, attitudes accepting tax evasion, lower morality and higher tendencies to avoid taxes.
1992 "Persuasion, reactance
, and judgments of interpersonal appeal.
is a psychological state elicited by perceived threats to an individual's personal freedom (Brehm & Brehm, 1981).
The damping torque provided by the proposed design depends on the system loading conditions and line reactance
My findings in the study support the idea that the reactance
and reinforcement theories are valid in explaining voters' information processing and the political decision-making process.
Hong Psychological Reactance
Scale -HPRS- (Hong & Faedda, 1996).
Such assessment provides possibility in each case to take into account (or ignore) the mass reactance
forces effect onto fluctuations in the fluid of the given material object.
Health locus of control, psychological reactance
and patients' subjective responses and attitudes towards their psychiatric drug treatment were introduced in the analyses.
This may even lead to a psychological reactance
response--a negative reaction toward persuasion attempts (Brehm and Brehm 1981).
(PR) is the reaction (of irritation or disgust) that appears as a response to the perception of loss of freedom, and depends on the importance of the behaviour threatened and on age (Brehm, 1989; Brehm & Brehm, 1981).