rauwolfia


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Related to rauwolfia: Rauwolfia serpentina

rauwolfia

 [raw-wol´fe-ah]
1. any member of the genus Rauwolfia, tropical trees and shrubs.
2. the dried root, or extract of the dried root, of one of these plants.
rauwolfia serpenti´na the dried root of Rauwolfia serpentina, sometimes with fragments of rhizome and other parts, used as an antihypertensive agent.

Rauwolfia

(row-wūl'fē-ă, raw-, rah-),
A genus of tropical trees and shrubs (family Apocynaceae). The powdered whole root of Rauwolfia serpentina contains alkaloids that produce a sedative-antihypertensive-bradycardiac action; approximately 50% of the total activity is due to reserpine.
[L. Rauwolf, German botanist, 16th century]

Rauwolfia

/Rau·wol·fia/ (rou-wool´fe-ah) a genus of tropical trees and shrubs, including R. serpentina and over 100 other species, that provide numerous alkaloids, notably reserpine, of medical interest.

rauwolfia

/rau·wol·fia/
1. any member of the genus Rauwolfia.
2. the dried root of Rauwolfia, or an extract of it.

rauwolfia serpenti´na  the dried root of Rauwolfia serpentina; used as an antihypertensive; also used in folk medicine and Indian medicine.

rauwolfia

Herbal medicine
A plant native to India that contains reserpine, an alkaloid. Rauwolfia is antipyretic and emmenagogic; it has been used as an ayurvedic herbal medicine for depression, diarrhoea, colic in infants and hypertension. It has also been used as an antidote to snake poison. 

Toxicity
Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, oedema, hypotension, sedation, coma, possibly death.

rauwolfia

Dried extracts from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina that contains the alkaloid RESERPINE, a sedative and tranquilizing drug that also lowers blood pressure.

rauwolfia (r·wulˑ·fē·),

n Latin name:
Rauvolfia serpentina; parts used: roots; uses: high blood pressure, snake bite, fever, dropsy, nervousness, insomnia; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, depression, suicidal tendencies, peptic ulcers, ulcerative colitis, Parkinson's disease, seizure disorders, kidney disease, amphetamines, heart medications, cardiac glycosides, CNS depressants, ephedrine, L-dopa, MAOIs. Also called
Indian snakeroot or
snakeroot.

rauwolfia, Rauvolfia

any member of the genus Rauwolfia in the plant family Apocynaceae; the dried root, or extract of the dried root, of Rauwolfia; contains reserpine; causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, jaundice, hepatitis; includes R. serpentina, R. tetraphylla (R. canescens), R. vomitoria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Further research on the Pao pereira and Rauwolfia vomitoria extracts has been conducted at Kansas University Medical Center by Dr.
The discovery of the genus Rauwolfia dates back to the 16th century and up to now approximately 130 species of Rauwolfia have been described which are found in most tropical and semi-tropical regions of both northern and southern hemispheres.
These natural molecules, which were the subjects of the most recent studies, include the extracts of Pao pereira and Rauwolfia vomitoria.
As familias mais representativas nos dois estagios sucessionais foram Fabaceae, Apoeynaceae e Malvaceae, mas a composicao de especies diferiram entre os estagios intermediarios e tardios: as especies com maior valor de importancia no estagio intermediario foram Myracrodruon urundeuva, Rauwolfia sellowii e Inga platyptera, enquanto Anadenanthera colubrina, Myracrodruon urundeuva e Bauhinia brevipes predominaram no tardio.
It is conducted from the above mentioned facts that the probably one branching point occurs per repeating units of the glucomannan, which constituting the non-ionic polysaccharide of Rauwolfia Serpentina Benth.
Reserpine, the indole alkaloid form of Rauwolfia, is also a depressant and lowers blood pressure.
Lippia 2 76 40 4 82 origanoides Stenocereus 15 96 6 66 griseus Prosopis juliflora 20 81 130 8 Cestrum 5 17 32 93 7 alternifolium Rauwolfia 46 59 tetraphylla Senna pallida 4 20 25 10 Cordia 5 18 4 9 curassavica Opuntia dillenii 43 22 Stemmadenia 47 1 grandiora Zamia 47 encephalartoides Gyrocarpus 65 10 17 10 5 americanus Casearia tremula 20 Randia aculeata 2 Lantana 6 11 3 canescens SINTAXONES ALIANZA ESPECIE Mel.
All decongestants can interact adversely with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, indomethacin, beta blockers, methyldopa, some general anesthetics, digitalis, antihypertensives, rauwolfia alkaloids, other central nervous system (CNS) stimulants, and possibly theophylline.
One woodland is dominated by Acacia xanthophloea (Leguminosae) and Rauwolfia caffra (Apocycnaceae), and the other is dominated by Cassipourea malosana (Rhizophoraceae), Albizia gummifera (Leguminosae), and Acacia lahai (Legumi-nosae).
John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) * uva ursi or bearberry (Arctostaphlyos uva-ursi) May aggravate drugs' side effect of swollen and tender breasts: * ginseng (Panax ginseng) * rauwolfia (Rauwolfia serpentina) propranolol HCI (Inderal) Natural licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) may increase heart rate and raise blood pressure, countering drug's effects.
Nerve Blockers Generic Name Trade Name rauwolfia derivatives Reserpine guanethidine Ismelin guanadrel Hylorel alpha methyldopa Aldomlet clonidine Catapres guanabenz Wytensin prazosin Minipress terazosin Hytrin Beta Blockers propranolol Inderal metoprolol Lopressor nadolol Corgard atenolol Tenormin timolol Blocadren pindolol Visken acebutolol Sectral labetolol Normodyne or Trandate Blood Vessel Dilators hydralazine, Apresoline minoxidil Loniten(**) Hormone inhibitors captopril Capoten enalapril Vasotec lisinopril Prinivel or Zestril Calcium Channel Blockers nifedipine Procardia verapamil Isoptin or Calan diltiazem Cardizem nicardipine Cardene
A comparison of those treated with rauwolfia and those receiving no specific antihypertensive treatment.