ration

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ration

(ra′shŏn, rā′) [L. ratio, calculation]
A fixed allowance of a nutrient or of a service for a specified period, e.g. of food, health care.

ration

a fixed allowance of total feed for an animal for one day. Usually specifies the individual ingredients and their amounts and the amounts of the specific nutriments such as carbohydrate, fiber, individual minerals and vitamins. See also blended rations, creep ration, cut-and-fit ration balancing.

ration analysis
chemical analysis to determine the proportions of principal nutrients in the feed; no tests of digestibility are included.
balanced ration
a ration which has been balanced so that it contains appropriate proportions of the principal nutritional components, that is carbohydrates, protein, fat, minerals and vitamins, for the specific class, including especially age and lactational status, of livestock for which the ration is formulated.
complete ration
all of the constituents of a ration fed to a confined animal are mixed together and fed at the one time. It does not require supplementation other than drinking water.
ration formulation
the recipe; list and amounts of feed ingredients to be included in a ration.
total mixed ration
see complete ration (above).
References in classic literature ?
The better to do so, I went afoot, armed with a Henry rifle and carrying three days' rations in my haversack.
Most mellifluously did he purr as we crowded around to stroke him; with friendly joy he licked our hands with his little red tongue; poor Paddy was a thankful cat; he was no longer lost, starving, imprisoned, helpless; he was with his comrades once more and he was going home--home to his old familiar haunts of orchard and dairy and granary, to his daily rations of new milk and cream, to the cosy corner of his own fireside.
Miners' Committees were confiscating all grub and putting the population on strict rations.
During the first few days they were busy discharging the cargo brought by the flotilla, the machines, and the rations, as well as a large number of huts constructed of iron plates, separately pieced and numbered.
Here come your groceries, country; your rations, countrymen
You don't admit, I know, that one can be fond of new rolls when one has had one's rations of bread--to your mind it's a crime; but I don't count life as life without love," he said, taking Levin's question his own way.
Sir Percival dined by himself, and William (the man out of livery) make the remark, in my hearing, that his master had put himself on half rations of food and on a double allowance of drink.
They boiled their boots for soup to eke out the rations, which only made their hunger more intolerable.
They became exhausted in imitation of them; and they yaw-yawed in their speech like them; and they served out, with an enervated air, the little mouldy rations of political economy, on which they regaled their disciples.
A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread--a whole, instead of a half, slice--with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter: it was the hebdomadal treat to which we all looked forward from Sabbath to Sabbath.
As they passed the bend in the lane my brother saw the face of the dying man in the ditch under the privet, deadly white and drawn, and shining with perspi- ration.
Accordingly our day's ration was brought out, and seating ourselves on a detached fragment of rock, we proceeded to discuss it.