Angiostrongylus cantonensis

(redirected from rat lungworm)

An·gi·o·stron·gy·lus can·ton·en·'sis

lungworm of rodents, a species transmitted by infected mollusks ingested by rodents; larvae develop in the brain and migrate to lungs, where the adult worms are found; thought to cause eosinophilic encephalomeningitis in humans in the Pacific basin; larvae have been removed from cerebrospinal fluid and the anterior chamber of the eye from people in Thailand who had eaten raw snails.

Angiostrongylus cantonensis

A filiform nematode for which rats are the definitive host; humans become infected by ingesting third-stage larvae in raw or poorly cooked intermediate hosts (e.g., snails, slugs) or transport hosts (e.g., freshwater prawns, frogs, fish and planarians), or by consuming fresh produce contaminated with either of the above hosts. A. cantonensis rarely infects humans, even in regions of endemic infection (e.g., Southeast Asia or the Pacific Basin; it is, nonetheless, the most common cause of eosinophilic meningitis in humans.

Angiostrongylus

a genus of worms of the family Angiostrongylidae.

Angiostrongylus cantonensis
the rat lungworm which may cause eosinophilic meningitis in humans and other species including dogs.
Angiostrongylus costaricensis
parasitizes the blood vessels of the alimentary tract of wild rodents and may infect humans causing eosinophilic granulomas in the intestine.
Angiostrongylus mackerrasae
a rat lungworm which may also cause eosinophilic meningitis in humans.
Angiostrongylus vasorum
the 'lungworm' of dogs; occurs in the pulmonary artery and right ventricle of dogs and foxes. Pulmonary emphysema and fibrosis may be accompanied by congestive heart failure.
References in periodicals archive ?
The rat lungworm, Angiostrongylus (Parastrongylus) cantonensis, causes eosinophilic meningitis in humans (4) and various disease manifestations (meningoencephalitis, neurologic disorders) in atypical host species, including wildlife and captive animals (5).
These factors indicate that the rat lungworm is an emerging zoonotic pathogen of concern to humans and wildlife, and therefore provides an excellent opportunity to evaluate the sensitivity and effectiveness of epidemiologic surveying techniques.
We evaluated the current distribution and potential spread of the rat lungworm within areas of the Gulf Coast region and midwestern United States by sampling rodent populations in regions of Louisiana and Oklahoma that were predicted by an ecologic niche model to contain suitable and unsuitable habitat (9).
We tested for rat lungworm internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) DNA by using a TaqMan qPCR on an ABI 7500 system (10).
cgi) showed a match with rat lungworm (GenBank accession nos.
net/), manually inspected for consensus, and compared with the 267-bp fragment generated from the known sample of rat lungworm.
Because the rat lungworm poses a major health risk to humans and wildlife worldwide, more work is needed to shed light on the location, dispersal, and influence of this parasite in new geographic regions.
cantonensis rat lungworm as a novel pathogen in the southeastern United States.
Rat lungworm was found in a previously undocumented mammalian host, S.
The rat lungworm, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, traditionally found in the Asia-Pacific region, has been identified recently for the first time in rats in KZN at a substantial prevalence of 14%.

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