rat


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rat

(rat),
A rodent of the genus Rattus (family Muridae), involved in the spread of some diseases, including bubonic plague.

rat

(răt)
n.
a. Any of various long-tailed rodents resembling mice but larger, especially one of the genus Rattus.
b. Any of various animals similar to one of these long-tailed rodents.

RAT

Abbreviation for:
radiation therapy
recombinant human antithrombin
Remuneration And Terms (of service committee)
rheumatoid arthritis test
right atrial tachycardia

rat

Infectious disease A rodent, genus Rattus, which is a vector and/or reservoir of disease–eg, Bunyaviridae, black plague, rat-bite fever Vox populi A dishonorable person. See Lab rat, Weasel.

rat

(rat)
A rodent of the genus Rattus, a widespread predator and pest that attacks wild and domestic animals, consumes or damages crops and stored foodstuffs, and is involved in transmission of diseases (e.g., intestinal parasites, plague, typhus, rat-bite fever) to humans; laboratory rats belong to albino strains of the Norway rat, R. norvegicus.

rat

small, furred mammal; members of the family Murinae (Old World rats) and the family Cricetinae (New World rats) both of the order Rodentia. They are omnivorous, nocturnal, do not hibernate and live commensally with humans. They have pointed snouts, a long, thin, almost hairless tail. Only some of the members of the rat and allied groups are listed below.

rat bite fever
streptobacillusmoniliformis.
black rat
Old World rat with long tail and ears. Called also Rattus rattus.
brown rat
Old World rat with short tail and ears. Called also Rattus norvegicus.
rat flea
kangaroo rat
a solitary rodent with long legs with which it progresses in leaps like a kangaroo and uses its large tail as a balancer. Called also Dipodomys deserti.
rat leprosy
a chronic, largely cutaneous disease of rats caused by Mycobacterium lepraemurium and characterized by subcutaneous granuloma and similar involvement of superficial lymph nodes, containing large numbers of acid-fast organisms. The disease has little similarity to nor any relationship with human leprosy. See also feline leprosy.
Long-Evans rat
laboratory rat with brown or black head and shoulders.
musk rat
properly called muskrat and is really a water vole. Called also Ondatra zibethica.
pack rat
New World rat-like creature. Called also Neotoma spp., wood rat.
sand rat
see gerbil.
Sprague-Dawley rat
albino laboratory rat.
rat tooth, teeth
describes the type of points on surgical instruments with a single point on one side which interlocks with two points on the other side.
water rat
properly called water vole; in Australia, water rat is a native rodent Hydromys chrysogaster.
white rat
common laboratory rat.
Wistar rat
a white laboratory rat.
References in periodicals archive ?
minus (a spirochete) is introduced by rat bite, the bite wound initially heals but then ulcerates, followed by regional lymphadenopathy and a distinctive rash of red and purple plaques.
To be a literate rat makes Firmin painfully aware of his odd place in the world.
We looked at spatial learning and memory in older rats using a well-known water maze test," says Shukitt-Hale.
If there is any evidence of rat infestation, we enlist the help of the council's environmental health officers.
However, providing you have enough time to spare, a rat can be kept alone as long as you give it plenty of attention.
The trick is to get every last rat, and the tool is rodenticide pellets dropped by helicopters.
On average a rat can give birth every 24 to 28 days and one pair can produce a colony of 2,000 per year.
The largest rat ever recorded in Britain measured 2ft.
The Norway rat or brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) is a case in point.
For Oregon Ballet Theatre's lavish 1993 production, designed by New Yorker Campbell Baird, she made no fewer than twelve rats plus the Rat King's head and paws, as well as a bear and a couple of hobbyhorses.
We are told that in lore and various anecdotal accounts, the rat-king is a group of rats inextricably and inexplicably bound together through the knotting of their tails.