rank

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rank

(rank),
1. The ordinal position of an observation in the set of observations of which it is a member.
2. To order a set of observations according to their rank.

rank

the place in a series occupied by a value when the series has been set in order according to a particular trait, usually size. Called also order statistic.

rank sum test
nonparametrical statistical test used to compare two methods by seeing if one method contributes more to the higher ranked values.
References in classic literature ?
It may gratify the pride of aristocracy to reflect that disease, more than any other circumstance of human life, pays due observance to the distinctions which rank and wealth, and poverty and lowliness, have established among mankind.
Indiscriminately let those take their places, of whatever rank they come, who possess the kingly gifts to lead armies or to sway a people--Nature's generals, her lawgivers, her kings, and with them also the deep philosophers who think the thought in one generation that is to revolutionize society in the next.
Thus they remained while the marshals of the field surveyed their ranks with the utmost exactness, lest either party had more or fewer than the appointed number.
Both displayed great feats of gallantry, nor did either Bois-Guilbert or the Disinherited Knight find in the ranks opposed to them a champion who could be termed their unquestioned match.
Kutuzov walked through the ranks, sometimes stopping to say a few friendly words to officers he had known in the Turkish war, sometimes also to the soldiers.
You told me to remind you of the officer Dolokhov, reduced to the ranks in this regiment.
Thus did he go about giving his orders among the ranks.
As when a goat-herd from some high post watches a storm drive over the deep before the west wind--black as pitch is the offing and a mighty whirlwind draws towards him, so that he is afraid and drives his flock into a cave--even thus did the ranks of stalwart youths move in a dark mass to battle under the Ajaxes, horrid with shield and spear.
Nowhere had he found any sign that men had stopped even temporarily upon this shore, though, of course, he knew that so quickly does the rank vegetation of the tropics erase all but the most permanent of human monuments that he might be in error in his deductions.
They were down wind from Tarzan, and so their scent was not carried to him, and as his back was turned half toward them he did not see their cautious advance over the edge of the promontory and down through the rank grass toward the sandy beach where he lay.
Now it happens that this higher order of mortals is not to be seen, like all the rest of the human species, for nothing, in the streets, shops, and coffee-houses; nor are they shown, like the upper rank of animals, for so much a-piece.
A nice way to answer a man, to call him "Sir," and to get behind his rank as if it was a place of refuge from him