radiolysis


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Related to radiolysis: Pulse radiolysis

ra·di·ol·y·sis

(rā′dē-ŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl ra·di·ol·y·ses (-sēz)
Molecular decomposition of a substance as a result of radiation.

ra′di·o·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
The distribution of hydrogen between the vapour and liquid phases and the influence on the distribution of chemistry control agents such as boron and lithium (the latter for pH control) are of interest, since the radiolysis may be significantly affected.
During the radiolysis of water, two types of products are formed: radical and molecular.
The hydroxyl radical reaction of CDF1 was carried out using the pulse radiolysis technique, the detailed description of this technique is given in Priyadarsini et al.
If the radiolysis were simulated perfectly and the time at which t he minimum differential heat defect occurred were measured, one might imagine using these values to calculate the dose rate.
In particular, the present invention is a novel method of preparation of radioactive diagnostic radiopharmaceutical in a stable, shippable, lyophilized form by an apparatus designed to rapidly flash freeze and dehydrate a radiopharmaceutical composition to minimize radiolysis.
9,26,27] Cholesterol by radiolysis by actinides would have formed PAH generating PAH aromatic organism.
Jo and Ahn (2000) suggested that radiolysis of protein or amino acid may play an important role in characteristic irradiation off-odor because the irradiation off-odor was different from oxidized one.
Based in Pacific Rim countries, the researchers assess polymer lifetime prediction methods, compare polyhedral oligomeric silsequiosane polyimides as space-survivable materials, review biodegradable thermoplastic starch polymers, and apply pulse radiolysis to aqueous solutions of polysaccharide derivatives.
Antioxidants incorporated into polyolefins diminished the rate of oxidation, but as irradiation proceeds the antioxidants degrade because of partial radiolysis [15].
It is well known that free radicals generated during radiolysis of water play the most significant role in the indirect biological damage induced by ionizing radiation (Hall, 1978).
Hydrogen is a radiolysis product of water and other food components.
Rate constants for several oxidation and reduction reactions were measured by the pulse radiolysis technique and compared with the rate constants for the same reactions in other solvents.