radioactive iodine


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Related to radioactive iodine: radioactive iodine uptake

iodine

 (I) [i´o-dīn]
a chemical element, atomic number 53, atomic weight 126.904. (See Appendix 6.) Iodine is essential in nutrition, being especially prevalent in the colloid of the thyroid gland. It is used in the treatment of hypothyroidism and as a topical antiseptic. Iodine is a frequent cause of poisoning (see iodism). Deficiency of iodine causes goiter. Since iodine salts are opaque to x-rays, they can be combined with other compounds and used as contrast media in diagnostic x-ray examinations of the gallbladder and kidneys.
iodine 123 a radioactive isotope of iodine having a half-life of 13.2 hours and emitting gamma rays and x-rays. It is used in diagnostic imaging and as radiation sources in radiation therapy. Symbol 123I.
iodine 125 a radioisotope of iodine having a half-life of 60.14 days and emitting gamma rays; used as a label in radioimmunoassays and other in vitro tests, and also for thyroid imaging. Symbol 125I.
iodine 131 a radioactive isotope of iodine having a half-life of 8.04 days and emitting beta particles and gamma rays. It is used as a tracer in diagnostic imaging and as a radiation source in radiation therapy. Symbol 131I.
protein-bound iodine a test of thyroid function; see also protein-bound iodine test.
radioactive iodine radioiodine.
iodine solution a transparent, reddish brown liquid, each 100 ml of which contains 1.8 to 2.2 g of iodine and 2.1 to 2.6 g of sodium iodide; a local antiinfective agent.
strong iodine solution Lugol's solution.

ra·di·o·ac·tive i·o·dine

the iodine radioisotopes 131I, 125I, or 123I used as tracers in biology and medicine.

radioactive iodine (RAI)

a radioactive isotope of iodine used in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy, especially in the treatment of some thyroid conditions. A common form is 131I. Also called radioiodine.

radioactive iodine

Any of the radionuclides of iodine, the most commonly used of which is beta- and gamma-emitting 131I, with a half-life of 8 days. It is used clinically as an implant for treating thyroid cancer and hyperactivity, and for scintigraphy of other organs. The gamma-emitting 125I has a half-life of 59.4 days and has been used in bioassays, nuclear medicine imaging and in radiation oncology as brachytherapy to treat prostate cancer and brain tumours.

radioactive iodine

Radioiodine A radioisotope of iodine–eg, 131I or 123I, used for imaging or to treat CA. See Radioactive iodine uptake.

iodine

a chemical element, atomic number 53, atomic weight 126.904, symbol I. See Table 6. Iodine is essential in nutrition, being especially prevalent in the colloid of the thyroid gland. It is used in the treatment of hypothyroidism and as a topical antiseptic. Iodine is a frequent cause of poisoning. See also iodism.

iodine-125
a radioisotope of iodine having a half-life of 60 days and a principal gamma-ray photon energy of 28 keV; used as a label in radioimmunoassays and other in vitro tests, and also for thyroid imaging. Symbol 125I.
123iodine-metaiodobenzylguanidine
a radioisotope which concentrates in chromaffin cells; used in diagnostic scintigraphy, e.g. in cases of pheochromocytoma.
iodine-131
a radioisotope of iodine having a half-life of 8.1 days and a principal gamma-ray photon energy of 364 keV; used in treatment of hyperthyroidism and carcinoma of the thyroid, in thyroid function testing, and in imaging of the thyroid gland and other organs. Symbol 131I.
iodine deficiency
may occur in all species under certain conditions; in dogs and cats, a factor in all-meat diets. See also goiter.
iodine contrast agents
iodine salts are opaque to x-rays; therefore they can be combined with other compounds and used as contrast media in diagnostic x-ray examinations.
iodine nutritional deficiency
is characterized by goiter, neonatal mortality and alopecia.
iodine poisoning
occurs usually due to accidental overdosing. It causes lacrimation, anorexia, coughing due to bronchopneumonia, and a heavy dandruff. Paradoxically, iodine excess may result in thyroid hyperplasia and goiter, especially in the young.
protein-bound iodine
a test of thyroid function. See also protein-bound iodine (PBI) test.
radioactive iodine
see iodine-125, iodine-131 (above).
iodine residues in milk
careless use of iodine-based teat dips results in unacceptable residues of iodine in milk.
iodine solution
contains 2% free iodine and 2.4% sodium iodide in an aqueous solution.
iodine solution (strong)
contains 5% free iodine and 10% potassium iodide in an aqueous solution.
tamed iodine
iodine trapping
the selective absorption of iodine from the circulation by the thyroid gland.
References in periodicals archive ?
The SELECT (S tudy of (E 7080)LE nvatinib in DifferentiatedC ancer of theT hyroid) study is a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III study to compare the PFS of patients with radioactive iodine refractory differentiated thyroid cancer and radiographic evidence of disease progression within the prior 13 months, treated with once-daily, oral lenvatinib (24mg) versus placebo.
The ordinary day-to-day operations of these nuclear plants put harmful radioactive iodine into our atmosphere.
If the thyroid is overactive, treatment options include antithyroid medication, radioactive iodine treatment, or surgery.
During a radioactive iodine uptake test, you swallow a small amount of slightly radioactive iodine.
This is because of the rapid excretion of radioactive iodine through the kidneys.
Experience from the radioactive iodine exposure resulting from the Chernobyl accident demonstrates that thyroid cancer incidence rises substantially in unprotected populations, particularly children and young adults.
That leaves the infamous ``fourth food group'' - chocolate - which recently was alleged to contain lead, mercury, zinc, carbon 14, ozone, radioactive iodine, used tire rubber and strontium 90.
I was also given a dose of radioactive iodine about six weeks ago.
Some people inhaled the radioactive iodine, but most were exposed indirectly by .
You have to give your kids iodine tablets or their thyroids will absorb the radioactive iodine.
NYSE:A) today announced it has developed a new method to identify radioactive iodine using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).
For patients who undergo surgery and radioactive iodine treatment, but still progress to RAI-refractory DTC, the prognosis is poor and there are currently few effective therapies available," said Professor Martin Schlumberger, Primary Investigator and M.