radiation dermatitis


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radiation dermatitis

Etymology: L, radiare, to emit rays; Gk, derma, skin, itis, inflammation
an acute or chronic inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to ionizing radiation, as in cancer radiation therapy. Symptoms, which may not appear until 3 weeks after exposure, include redness, blistering, and sloughing of the skin. In severe cases the condition can progress to scarring, fibrosis, and atrophy. There may also be changes in skin pigmentation. Also called radiodermatitis.
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Radiation dermatitis

ra·di·a·tion der·ma·ti·tis

(rā'dē-ā'shŭn dĕr'mă-tī'tis)
An acute or chronic inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to ionizing radiation, typically as part of cancer radiation therapy; can range from erythema to wet desquamation of the skin (tissue sloughing) in acute form; tissue atrophy, fibrosis, and permanent scarring in chronic form. Permanent changes in skin pigmentation can also occur.

radiation dermatitis

Dermatitis due to radiation exposure.
Synonym: radioepidermitis; radioepithelitis; radiodermatitis
See also: dermatitis

ra·di·a·tion der·ma·ti·tis

(rā'dē-ā'shŭn dĕr'mă-tī'tis)
An acute or chronic inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to ionizing radiation, typically as part of cancer radiation therapy; can range from erythema to wet desquamation of the skin (tissue sloughing) in acute form; tissue atrophy, fibrosis, and permanent scarring in chronic form. Permanent changes in skin pigmentation can also occur.
References in periodicals archive ?
Putting Evidence Into Practice: Evidence-based interventions for radiation dermatitis.
Comment: Radiation dermatitis is one of the most common side effects that patients acquire from radiotherapy.
no Grade III/IV rash or radiation dermatitis has been reported and reports of
Hylatopic[R] Emollient Foam is a unique, non-steroidal prescription product indicated to manage and relieve the burning, itching and pain experienced with various types of dermatoses, including atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis and radiation dermatitis.
Unrelated to the rash, Grade III/IV radiation dermatitis is a severe toxicity reported in almost half the patients treated with other EGFR-targeting antibody drugs in combination with radiation while absent in nimotuzumab/radiation treated patients.
This tends to increase after acute radiation dermatitis and is occasionally seen in the boost field.
It may ameliorate, but it certainly doesn't stop radiation dermatitis when used prophylactically," she noted.
The product is indicated for the treatment of various dermatological conditions including atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and radiation dermatitis.
Cutaneous disorders that are common in cancer patients but are not induced by their chemotherapy include infection, metastasis, graft-versus-host disease, radiation dermatitis, and paraneoplastic syndromes, said Dr.
Neither dexpanthenol nor methylprednisolone treatment prevented radiation dermatitis.
The most serious adverse reactions associated with ERBITUX across all studies were infusion reactions, cardiopulmonary arrest, dermatologic toxicity and radiation dermatitis, sepsis, renal failure, interstitial lung disease, and pulmonary embolus