Moore DA, Spatial diffusion of raccoon rabies
in Pennsylvania, USA.
Adapted from "Forecasting the Path of a Raccoon Rabies
Epidemic," PLoS Biol 3(3): e115, www.
Through monoclonal antibody studies, the virus was found to be a strain of raccoon rabies
There has only been one human case of raccoon rabies
, a man in Virginia, in 15 years.
Human vaccinia infection after contact with a raccoon rabies
vaccine bait--Pennsylvania, 2009.
A raccoon rabies
virus variant was identified in the organ donor and the infected recipient.
In 2009, an outbreak of raccoon rabies
in Central Park in New York City, New York, USA, infected 133 raccoons.
However, the survey did document interstate travel of captive deer, which raises concern for the possible translocation of a raccoon rabies
virus variant across oral rabies vaccination boundaries.
This report summarizes the investigation of the first documented case of human rabies associated with a raccoon rabies
virus variant in the United States and highlights the importance of continued education in the prevention and diagnosis of rabies.
woodchucks [Marmota monax] and beavers [Castor canadensis]), with most cases occurring in the eastern states, where a raccoon rabies
epizootic has been documented (3,8).
virus variant (RRV) was first detected in Massachusetts in 1992 and had spread throughout most of the state by 1996.
In 1977, an outbreak of raccoon rabies
was detected in an area on the West Virginia-Virginia border .