rabbit hemorrhagic disease

rabbit hemorrhagic disease

a highly fatal, contagious disease of European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) but other rabbit species and other wildlife are not susceptible. Caused by rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (genus Lagovirus, family Caliciviridae); the virus while typical of caliciviruses has not been cultivated. The disease is related to European Brown Hare syndrome but cross-transmission between hares and rabbits of either virus does not occur; spread is by contact, possibly by infected feces, fomites, possibly by spread of carrion by birds, and by recently contaminated insects such as bush flies. After infection rabbits show few clinical signs other than depression and immobility and die after an illness of about 18 hours. Characteristic gross necropsy lesions are enlargement of the liver and spleen and small, focal, pulmonary hemorrhages. There is massive liver necrosis which is believed to be the trigger for disseminated intravascular coagulation. Rabbits less than 6 weeks of age are curiously not susceptible to fatal disease. An effective vaccine is available. Called also rabbit calicivirus disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Global Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Vaccines Industry 2015 Market Research Report
The Global Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Vaccines Industry 2015 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Vaccines industry.
To the Editor: In this investigation, we found evidence for the apparent effects that a new variant of the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is having on native wild European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) populations on the Iberian Peninsula, and how this virus could threaten the conservation of endangered predators.
Modeling the effect of population dynamics on the impact of rabbit hemorrhagic disease.
To the Editor: During November 2012-February 2013, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) strains belonging to the new variant RHDV were isolated in Portugal from wild European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus subsp.
The rabbits had appeared dead and had clinical signs suggesting rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD).
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is rapidly fatal, with mortality rates of 70%-100% in adult rabbits (7); young rabbits (kits) are unaffected or subclinically infected (7,2).
To the Editor: Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is a calicivirus of the genus Lagovirus that causes epidemics of an acute disease and mortality rates of 50%-90% among rabbits.
1) to identify a new rabbit calicivirus distinct from rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus, which they designated as Michigan rabbit calicivirus (MRCV).
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is caused by a calicivirus and is associated with illness and death in up to 90%-100% of susceptible rabbit populations (1-3).
The family Caliciviridae contains 4 genera, Sapovirus, Norovirus, Lagovirus, and Vesivirus, which include sapovirus (SaV), norovirus (NOV), rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus, and feline calicivirus strains, respectively.
In 1997, the Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) was illegally imported from Australia into Central Otago, New Zealand, for the purpose of rabbit control.