rabbit fever


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Related to rabbit fever: tularemia, sleeping sickness

tularemia

 [too″lah-re´me-ah]
a plaguelike disease of rodents, caused by Francisella tularensis, which is transmissible to humans. It can be contracted by handling diseased animals or their hides, eating infected wild game, or being bitten by insects such as horseflies or deer flies that have fed on such animals.

Symptoms and Treatment. Tularemia begins with a sudden onset of chills and fever, accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting, and severe weakness. A day or so later, a small sore usually develops at the site of the infection, and it becomes ulcerated. There may also be enlargement and ulceration of the lymph nodes and a generalized red rash. In untreated cases, the fever may last for weeks or months. Treatment is with antibiotics, such as tetracycline, streptomycin, and chloramphenicol.
Prevention. Tularemia is usually thought of as an occupational disease. Those who may be exposed to it, such as game wardens and hunters, should take precautions such as wearing gloves when handling wild animals, particularly rabbits and squirrels, and wearing adequate clothing in the woods to prevent bites by insect vectors of the disease. Wild game must be especially well cooked in order to kill the tularemia organism.

tu·la·re·mi·a

(tū'lă-rē'mē-ă),
A disease caused by Francisella tularensis and transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly, Chrysops discalis, and other bloodsucking insects; can also be acquired directly through the bite of an infected animal or through handling of an infected animal carcass; symptoms, similar to those of undulant fever and plague, are a prolonged intermittent or remittent fever and often swelling and suppuration of the lymph nodes draining the site of infection; rabbits are an important reservoir host.
[Tulare, Lake and County, CA, + G. haima, blood]

rabbit fever

n.

rabbit fever

See tularemia.

tu·la·re·mi·a

(tū'lă-rē'mē-ă)
A disease caused by Francisella tularensis transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly, Chrysops discalis, and other bloodsucking insects; can also be acquired directly through the bite of an infected animal or through handling of an infected animal's carcass; symptoms consist of fever and swelling and suppuration of the lymph nodes draining the site of infection; rabbits are an important reservoir host.
Synonym(s): deerfly fever, rabbit fever, tularaemia.
[Tulare, Lake and County, CA, + G. haima, blood]

rabbit fever

See TULARAEMIA.

Tulare,

county in California where the disease was first discovered.
tularemia - a disease that is transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly or other bloodsucking insects, or through the handling of an infected animal carcass. Synonym(s): deer-fly disease; deer-fly fever; Pahvant Valley fever; Pahvant Valley plague; rabbit fever

rabbit


brush rabbit
sylvilagusbachmani.
rabbit calicivirus disease
rabbit fever
rabbit fibroma virus
see leporipoxvirus, Shope rabbit fibroma.
rabbit fur mite
cheyletiellaparasitivorax.
laboratory rabbit
some specialized strains have been developed to provide a consistent type of rabbit for experimental work in laboratories. The International Index of Laboratory Animals is a reference source for these strains. The most commonly used variety is the new zealand White.
rabbit pasteurellosis
see rabbit septicemia (below).
rabbit pox
pygmy rabbit
Brachylagus idahoensis; a native of North America.
rock rabbit
Ochotona princeps; see pika.
rabbit septicemia
a disease of rabbits caused by Pasteurella multocida and characterized by sudden death preceded by fever, dyspnea and nasal discharge. In mild cases there is nasal catarrh and conjunctivitis. Called also snuffles (1).
rabbit syphilis
see spirochetosis (2).
rabbit tick
haemaphysalisleporispalustris.
volcano rabbit
Romerolagus diazi; a native of Mexico.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another document acknowledges that a major epidemic of rabbit fever among local wildlife may have been caused by Dugway "activities.
Tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, is caused by a bacterium called Francisella tularensis.
Actress Stephanie Powers on a new film, Rabbit Fever

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