quail

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quail

a small, gallinaceous, insectivorous game bird, gray-brown with black, white and yellow spots. They are poor flyers but migrate long distances annually and reproduce at a high rate. The common species is the common quail, Coturnix coturnix. In North America the native quail is the bobwhite (Colinus virginianus).

quail bronchitis
caused by an adenovirus in captive or freeliving bobwhite quail, manifested by coughing, sneezing, lacrimation and conjunctivitis but usually without nasal discharge. Morbidity is usually 100% in young birds where the mortality may also be high.
quail disease
see ulcerative enteritis.
References in classic literature ?
It succeeded in enforcing submission from the jaded man this morning: his empoisoned system at this moment quailed before Bulstrode's cold, resolute bearing, and he was taken off quietly in the carriage before the family breakfast time.
So it was that old Til might well have quailed in her tattered sandals had she but even vaguely guessed the thoughts which passed in De Vac's mind; but the extra gold pieces he dropped into her withered palm as she delivered the bundle to him, together with the promise of more, quite effectually won her loyalty and her silence for the time being.
Trent tore the letter into atoms, but he never quailed.
His opponent's duller and more material mind quailed before the fire and intensity of a higher spiritual nature.
Old Hugh had forbidden his house to the young man, making such a scene of fury about it that even Ursula's high spirit quailed.