purgative


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cathartic

 [kah-thahr´tik]
1. causing emptying of the bowels.
2. an agent that so acts; called also evacuant and purgative.
3. producing emotional catharsis.
bulk cathartic one stimulating bowel evacuation by increasing fecal volume.
lubricant cathartic one that acts by softening the feces and reducing friction between them and the intestinal wall.
saline cathartic one that increases fluidity of intestinal contents by retention of water by osmotic forces, and indirectly increases motor activity.
stimulant cathartic one that directly increases motor activity of the intestinal tract.

pur·ga·tive

(pŭr'gă-tiv),
An agent used for purging the bowels.
See also: cathartic (2).
[L. purgativus, purging]

purgative

/pur·ga·tive/ (purg´it-iv) cathartic (1, 2).

purgative

(pûr′gə-tĭv)
adj.
Tending to cleanse or purge, especially causing evacuation of the bowels.
n.
A purgative agent or medicine; a cathartic.

purgative

[pur′gətiv]
Etymology: L, purgare, to purge
a strong medication usually administered by mouth to promote evacuation of the bowel or to produce several bowel movements.

laxative

Herbal medicine
A herb used to purge the bowels.

Examples
Cascara (Cascara sagrada), castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), flax seed (Linum usitatissimum), liquorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra), olive oil (Olea europaea), psyllium (Plantago psyllium), rhubarb (Rheum palmatum) and senna (Cassia acutifolia).

pur·ga·tive

(pŭr'gă-tiv)
An agent used for purging the bowels.
See also: cathartic (2)
[L. purgativus, purging]

purgative

A strong laxative drug.

purgative,

n substance that promotes bowel loosening and movement,

pur·ga·tive

(pŭr'gă-tiv)
An agent used for purging the bowels.
[L. purgativus, purging]

purgative

1. a purge or cathartic (1); causing bowel evacuation.
2. a cathartic, particularly one stimulating peristaltic action. See also laxative.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients who have renal disease, impaired renal function, dehydration and uncorrected electrolyte abnormalities should not be allowed to use these purgatives (2).
If the calving has occurred unexpectedly, waste no time in giving a purgative.
MoviPrep and OsmoPrep(TM), our recently approved tablet bowel cleansing agent, create an unmatched purgative product portfolio that should meet the needs and preferences of most patients and physicians.
His invention of Visicol(TM) was his response to patients' pleas for a better tolerated purgative preparation and thereby increasing the number of patients who would undergo colonoscopy to prevent colon cancer, the second leading cause of death due to cancer in the United States.
New Drug Applications (NDAs) for INKP-102, the next-generation tablet purgative product owned by our subsidiary, InKine; and NRL944, the liquid PEG purgative product acquired recently from Norgine, are under review at the U.
InKline's portfolio includes two late-stage clinical compounds: Diacol, a tablet purgative product for colonoscopies and other procedures undergoing FDA review; and CBP-1011, a steroid molecule in Phase III trials for the treatment of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura and Phase II trials for the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
NASDAQ:SLXP) today announced that seven abstracts based on the results from two randomized, multicenter, investigator-blinded trials in approximately 1,000 patients comparing various dosing regimens of the Company's next-generation purgative product, INKP-102, to VISICOL(R) Tablets in adults undergoing colonoscopy will be presented at the American College of Gastroenterology 2005 Annual Scientific Meeting.
Part of this financing will fund the sales, marketing, and manufacturing of our lead product candidate, Diacol(TM), for use as a purgative agent prior to colonoscopy.
In the short term, we believe the combination should allow Salix to build value by leveraging its sales force and more rapidly penetrating the purgative market with VISICOL.
InKine's franchise product, Visicol(R) is the only tablet purgative preparation indicated for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy.
Filed New Drug Application (NDA) for next generation purgative product - INKP-102
Nasdaq: INKP) today announced that seven abstracts with data from clinical studies of the Company's next-generation purgative product, INKP-102, have been accepted for poster presentations at the 70th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG), to be held from October 28 to November 2, 2005, at the Honolulu Convention Center.