pulmonary sequestration


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sequestration

 [se″kwes-tra´shun]
1. abnormal separation of a part from a whole, as a portion of a bone by a pathologic process, or a portion of the circulating blood in a specific part occurring naturally or produced by application of a tourniquet.
2. isolation of a patient.
pulmonary sequestration loss of connection of lung tissue, and sometimes bronchi, with the bronchial tree and pulmonary veins, the tissue receiving its arterial supply from the systemic circulation. It may be completely separated anatomically and physiologically from normally connected lung (extralobar) or contiguous to and partly surrounded by normal lung (intralobar). Called also accessory lung.

pulmonary sequestration

 An uncommon–1:1000 adult lobectomy specimens congenital anomaly characterized by misplaced lung parenchyma, which lacks normal communication with the main tracheobronchial tree that may be intralobar or extralobar
Pulmonary sequestration  
   Intralobar Extralobar
Separate pleura No Yes
Location  Posterior basilar Above or below diaphragm
Age of onset 50% > 20 years  60% < one year
Symptoms  Recurrent pneumonia Respiratory distress
Laterality 60% left  90% left
♂:♀ ratio 1:1 4:1
Other defects Uncommon  > 50%, eg diaphragmatic
         defects, tuberous sclerosis
Bronchial
communication Uncommon, small  None
Arterial supply  Systemic; single aorta Systemic; multiple, small
Venous drainage Inferior pulmonary Systemic; azygous and
        vein          hemiazygous vein

pulmonary sequestration

A nonfunctioning area of the lung that receives its blood supply from the systemic circulation.
See also: sequestration

sequestration

1. abnormal separation of a part from a whole, as a portion of a bone by a pathological process, or a portion of the circulating blood in a specific part occurring naturally or produced by application of a tourniquet.
2. isolation of a patient.

feline corneal sequestration
see corneal sequestrum.
pulmonary sequestration
loss of connection of lung tissue with the bronchial tree and the pulmonary veins.
References in periodicals archive ?
26,27) Video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection has even been described in patients with localized pulmonary sequestration.
Pulmonary sequestration in the middle-aged and elderly adult: recognition and radiographic evaluation.
A pulmonary sequestration refers to nonfunctioning lung tissue with no direct communication with the tracheobronchial tree and with an anomalous blood supply from the systemic vessels.